The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Kocku von Stuckrad

The impressively comprehensive Brill Dictionary of Religion (BDR) Online addresses religion as an element of daily life and public discourse, is richly illustrated and with more than 500 entries, the Brill Dictionary of Religion Online is a multi-media reference source on the many and various forms of religious commitment. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online addresses the different theologies and doctrinal declarations of the official institutionalized religions and gives equal weight and consideration to a multiplicity of other religious phenomena. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online helps map out and define the networks and connections created by various religions in contemporary societies, and provides models for understanding these complex phenomena.


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Qumran

(2,011 words)

Author(s): Eichner, Heidrun
History of the Find 1. In Jerusalem, in the late fall of the year 1947, and at the beginning of the following year, seven scrolls were brought to market that had been found in a cave by a boy who had been chasing his sheep. The region was that of the hill of Khirbet Qumran with its ruins, at the Northwestern end of the Dead Sea, twelve kilometers south of Jericho. Only from 1949 on were systematic excavations undertaken—from 1951 to 1956, at the hands of Roland de Vaux—in the region of the same hill…

Qur'an

(2,496 words)

Author(s): Walther, Wiebke
General 1. The Qur'an (in Ar., al-Qur'ān) is the sacred book of Islam. For Muslim believers, it is the word of the one God, Allah, revealed to the Prophet → Muhammad, ‘in clear Arabic,’ by the Archangel Gabriel. Its content may therefore not be touched. But through the centuries, it has been subject to various interpretations, just as it is today. Its 114 ‘suras’ (‘chapters’), comprising from 3 to 286 or 287 ‘verses’ (in Ar., āyāt, ‘signs’) are ordered in roughly decreasing length. The verses, as well, are of varying length. There are still two different verse-numberin…