The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Kocku von Stuckrad

The impressively comprehensive Brill Dictionary of Religion (BDR) Online addresses religion as an element of daily life and public discourse, is richly illustrated and with more than 500 entries, the Brill Dictionary of Religion Online is a multi-media reference source on the many and various forms of religious commitment. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online addresses the different theologies and doctrinal declarations of the official institutionalized religions and gives equal weight and consideration to a multiplicity of other religious phenomena. The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online helps map out and define the networks and connections created by various religions in contemporary societies, and provides models for understanding these complex phenomena.


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Zionism

(1,789 words)

Author(s): Herkommer, Isabel
1. Zionism is a movement in → Judaism, appearing at the end of the nineteenth century, with the goal of the creation of a ‘national homeland’ for the Jews scattered through the → Diaspora. The designation is derived from ‘Zion,’ a hill in → Jerusalem, where there once stood the Jebusites’ citadel that David overcame (‘City of David’; 2 Sam 5:7). Even in the Bible, the name was extended to the Temple Mount, all of Jerusalem, and, finally, Israel. As a mythical place, Zion stands for the ‘Mount of…