Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Dadisho‘ I

(3 words)

Author(s): Russell, Paul
Paul Russell
Date: 2019-03-25


(1 words)

Date: 2018-10-15


(2,323 words)

Author(s): Jensen, Robin M.
Depictions of the biblical Daniel featured prominently in early Christian art. Daniel represented the resolute martyr who accepted a sentence of death rather than succumbing to idolatry (Dan 6) and as such prefigured the steadfast Christian whose stanch faith would be rewarded in the next life. The story of Daniel’s captivity, endurance, and unwavering witness shared elements with Christian martyr narratives, not least in the fact that Daniel’s fate – being condemned to the beasts – was like tha…
Date: 2019-03-25


(2,229 words)

Author(s): Jensen, Robin M.
David is a central figure in much of early Christian literature. He is the youthful shepherd, destroyer of the evil Goliath, singer of songs, prototypical king, prophet, and ancestor of Jesus. Both the New Testament Gospels and Epistles proclaimed Jesus to be descended from the line of David, specifically through the line of Mary or Joseph (e.g. Rom 1:3; 2 Tim 2:8; Matt 1:1; Mark 10:47; Luke 1:27; John 7:42; Rev 22:16). This lineage continued to be emphasized by the next generation of Christian teachers (e.g. Ign. Eph. 18.2). Based upon this foundation, subsequent Christian writer…
Date: 2019-03-25

Dead, Care for the

(7 words)

Author(s): Smith, Eric
Eric Smith
Date: 2019-03-25

Dead, Cult of the

(8 words)

Author(s): Denzey Lewis, Nicola
Nicola Denzey Lewis
Date: 2019-03-25

Dead, Realm of the

(3,230 words)

Author(s): Denzey Lewis, Nicola
All major cultures surrounding the Mediterranean basin developed some conception of a special realm inhabited only by the dead. The two cultures that most deeply seeded early Christian conceptions of the afterlife – Greek and Jewish – had varied afterlife beliefs; Egypt, too, with its distinct concept of a solar-based journey to the netherworld, influenced Mediterranean Christian ideas of a realm of the dead. Each of these cultures contributed elements to the development of Christian notions of …
Date: 2019-03-25

Dead Sea Scrolls

(4 words)

Author(s): Brooke, George
George Brooke
Date: 2019-03-25


(3,929 words)

Author(s): Schreiber (trans. Brian McNeil), Stefan
As in ancient culture in general, death in early Christianity appears as an anthropological constant and as the last threat to human life. Death can be understood as a termination of all (human) relationships; however, the belief in the resurrection of Jesus decisively changed the perspective of the first Christians toward death.The New Testament uses the Greek term θάνατος/ thanatos (“death”) to denote the end of physical life and the corresponding verb, ἀποθνῄσκω/ apothn ēskō (“to die”). The one who died is a called “dead man” (νεκρός/ nekros); the dead body is also referred to …
Date: 2019-03-25

De bono pudicitiae

(1,522 words)

Author(s): Papandrea, James L.
De bono pudicitiae ( On the Benefit of Purity) is a 3rd-century CE moral treatise, generally agreed to have been written by the Roman priest and schismatic Novatian. It exists in several manuscripts, all of which are anonymous except for one that is mistakenly attributed to Cyprian of Carthage (DeSimone, 1974, 160). Novatian’s schism probably ensured that his writings could only survive anonymously or under another name. We do know that Novatian’s major work, De Trinitate, circulated under the names of Tertullian and Cyprian (Papandrea, 2011, 122). However, similaritie…
Date: 2019-03-25


(2,723 words)

Author(s): Dunn, Geoffrey D.
Gaius Messius Quintus Decius Valerinus (d. 251 CE) became emperor in October 249 CE after defeating his predecessor Philip the Arab (244–249 CE) at Verona, taking the name Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius. Throughout his brief reign, the empire faced foreign incursions from the Goths and the Carpi in the Balkans, and Decius spent nearly all of his time as emperor back in the region of his birth defending the frontier and trying to repel the invaders. It was in the Balkans in the middle of 251 CE that Decius died fighting the Goths under Kniva.The 50 years between the death of Alexand…
Date: 2019-03-25

Decretum Gelasianum

(5 words)

Author(s): Maritano, Mario
Mario Maritano
Date: 2019-03-25

Dedication, Council of the

(8 words)

Author(s): Brennecke, Hanns Christof
Hanns Christof Brennecke
Date: 2019-03-25


(3 words)

Author(s): Meyer, Eric Daryl
Eric Daryl Meyer
Date: 2019-03-25
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