Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Jairus

(1 words)

Date: 2019-03-25

James, Epistle of

(5,857 words)

Author(s): Batten, Alicia J.
The Epistle of James consists of an intriguing combination of wisdom instruction, eschatological warning, and community exhortation. The letter counsels its audience on the importance of endurance and testing (e.g. Jas 1:3), careful control of speech and the tongue (e.g. Jas 3:1–12), and the importance of not showing partiality to the rich at the expense of the poor (e.g. Jas 2:1–12). Faithfulness to and reliance upon God are central to the letter (e.g. Jas 4:4–10; Jas 4:13–17), while the topic …
Date: 2019-03-25

James the Great

(2,624 words)

Author(s): Meiser, Martin
James, Son of Zebedee (d. 43 CE), was one of the three most intimate disciples of Jesus (along with Peter and his brother John) among the 12 apostles. Zebedee, his father, was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee, probably living in or near Capernaum. Zebedee had some hired men, so his family was not as poor as the family of Peter and Andrew. The name James is well known. In the Old Testament the son of Isaac is the only one who bears this name (see Gen 25:26). After the 2nd century BCE, the name is used more often: within the list of the translators’ names in Let. Aris. 47–50, “James” occurs twice; in Je…
Date: 2019-03-25