Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Date: 2018-10-15

Sacramentarium Gelasianum

(1,459 words)

Author(s): Tymister, Markus
The Sacramentarium Gelasianum ( Gelasian Sacramentary) is one of the first known liturgical books of the western church. It is also called the Sacramentarium Gelasianum vetus ( Old Gelasian Sacramentary), since it is one of the sources of the Gelasian Sacramentaries of the 8th century CE. The only surviving manuscript was not the first draft but a copy produced approximately 750 CE probably in the monastery of Chelles, located just east of Paris. The manuscript is presently housed in the Vatican Library (Reg. lat. 316). The original m…
Date: 2019-03-25


(6,316 words)

Author(s): Ullucci, Daniel
AH: in text there is: "... Heb 5–9; Ign. Rom. 2, 4...” Is it   2; 4 0r 2.4? Christianity emerged in a world of sacrifice, not only in the wider context of the ancient Mediterranean, where offerings to the gods where a key part of almost all aspects of family and civic life, but also in earliest Christianity’s proximate context, Judaism of the Second Temple period. Surprisingly, dominant voices within Christianity eventually rejected animal sacrifice while simultaneously creating a theological discourse that prese…
Date: 2019-03-25


(1,234 words)

Author(s): Spronk, Klaas
AH: see "...the death of Christ brings liberation (Hymn 13.4).” I assume Ephraim the Syrian is the author (if not who then?), but in abbreviation list there are: Ephr. Hym. Faith = Ephraim the Syrian, Hymns on Faith; Ephr. Hym. Haer. = Ephraim the Syrian, Hymn Contra Haereses;  Ephr. Hym. Jul. = Ephraim the Syrian, Hymni Contra Julianum; Ephr. Hym. Nat. = Ephraim the Syrian, Hymns on the Nativity of Christ; Ephr. Hym. Vir. = Ephraim the Syrian, Hymni de virginitate; Ephr. Nis. Hym. = Ephraim the Syrian, Nisibene Hymns. Does author refers to one of these hymns or another? An elabora…
Date: 2019-03-25


(1 words)

Date: 2019-03-25


(522 words)

Author(s): Frisius, Mark A.
Scapula, proconsul of Africa (212–213 CE), is typically identified as P. Julius Scapula Tertullus Priscus, consul ordinaris in 195 CE. A secondary identification is his cousin C. Julius (Scapula) Lepidus Tertullus, one of the consul suffects in 195 CE (Barnes, 1986, 202–203; Birley, 1992, 53). Little is known about the family of Scapula, although it must have had some significance as few former consuls became proconsuls of Africa (Potter, 2010, 297).Scapula was the recipient of a short, open letter from Tertullian, penned after the near total eclipse of the sun on Aug 14, 212 CE (Tert. Sca…
Date: 2019-03-25
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