Brill’s Digital Library of World War I

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Subject: History

Brill’s Digital Library of World War I is an online resource that contains over 700 encyclopedia entries plus 250 peer-reviewed articles of transnational and global historical perspectives on significant topics of World War I. This collection includes Brill’s Encyclopedia of the First World War, an unrivalled reference work that showcases the knowledge of experts from 15 countries and offers 26 additional essays on the major belligerents, wartime society and culture, diplomatic and military events, and the historiography of the Great War.

The 250 articles address not only the key issues from political, historical and cultural perspectives, but also engages with aspects of the war which have remained underexplored such as the neutrals, the role of women before, during and after the war, and memory. The chapters have been drawn from a select number of Brill publications that have been published in the last 15 years. Brill’s Digital Library of World War I is a unique digital library that will allow researchers to discover new perspectives and connections with the enhanced navigational tools provided.

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Table of Contents

(237 words)

Author(s): Hirschfeld, Gerhard | Krumeich, Gerd | Renz, Irina
Table of Contents Volume I Foreword vii Foreword to the Revised Edition viii Essays 1 States 3 Germany Wolfgang J. Mommsen 5 France Jean-Jacques Becker 18 Belgium Laurence van Ypersele 28 Great Britain Jay Winter 33 Austria-Hungary Manfried Rauchensteiner 44 Russia Dittmar Dahlmann 63 Italy Mario Isnenghi 72 United States Ronald Schaffer 78 Social Aspects of the War 87 Women Ute Daniel 89 Children and Adolescents Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau 103 Workers Dick Geary 108 Soldiers Benjamin Ziemann 118 Scientists…

‘Tailoring in the Trenches’: The Making of First World War British Army Uniform

(9,853 words)

Author(s): Tynan, Jane
Tynan, Jane - ‘Tailoring in the Trenches’: The Making of First World War British Army Uniform Keywords: British army uniform | drafting guides | dressing techniques | First World War | soldier tailors | tailoring trade | …

Talat Pasha, Mehmed (Talât Pasha or Mehmed Talat)

(292 words)

Author(s): Zürcher, Erik Jan
Talat Pasha, Mehmed (Talât Pasha or Mehmed Talat) (September 1, 1874, Adrianople [modern Edirne] – March 15, 1921, Berlin [assassinated]), Ottoman statesman. Born into a poor family, Talat Pasha joined the underground movement of the Young Turks in 1890. He was one of the founding members of the Ottoman Freedom Society, which later joined forces with the Committee of Union and Progress in order to unleash the Constitutional Revolution in July 1908. After the revolution, Talat Pasha became the committee’…


(1,187 words)

Author(s): Gross, Gerhard P.
Tank Originally a code name that is still being used in some countries today for a heavily armored fighting vehicle. Already prior to World War I, plans had been drawn up in Europe to develop an all-terrain armored fighting vehicle. Although armored cars had been developed, and the tracked vehicle concept was well, no known, no true armored fighting vehicles had been developed before the war. However, with the onset of positional warfare the question arose of how to achieve an operational breakthrough became the focal point of the planning undertaken by military staffs on both sides. Both sides faced the dilemma that, in order to conduct a successful breakthrough, strongly fortified defense lines had to be overrun and enemy artillery positions had to be captured on the first day of the offensive so that friendly forces could push through the enemy’s defenses without faltering. This required the attack formations to have a high degree of mobility and to have protection from enemy direct fire – capabilities that neither the infantry nor cavalry had. Therefore, both sides sought to force breakthroughs by a massive increase in the use of artillery. Even though these attempts failed with huge casualty numbers resulting, the belligerents held on to the massed use of artillery, either by further increasing their fire power or by introducing new offensive doctrines for the artillery and infantry. In addition, both France and Britain undertook independent steps towards developing armored all-terrain vehicles. September of 1915 saw the completion of the first British prototype, “Little Willie.” Shaped somewhat like a large water carrier, it was code-named “tank.” In February 1916 the first British tank model went into production under the designation “Mark I.” This type was armed with either cannon (the “male” version, 28 tons, two 57 mm guns) or the “female” version (27 tons, five machine guns). The “male” vehicle was to cut a path for the infantry through the hostile trench systems, while the “female” version was to offer close-up protection against enemy forces. Alongside the heavy tank models with the designations Mark I–IV, the British also developed a series of lighter tanks designated as Mark A “Whippet” (14 tons, four machine guns). Overall, British production of light and heavy tanks reached a combined total of 186…


(881 words)

Author(s): Werth, German
Tannenberg Location of a battle in East Prussia on August 26–30, 1914, which ended when the German Eighth Army enveloped and then destroyed the Russian Second Army. Sin…

Tannenberg Myth

(602 words)

Author(s): Werth, German
Tannenberg Myth As a major German victory right at the start of the war, the Battle of Tannenberg soon became the stuff of legend. Its exploitation for propaganda purposes contributed to the creation and rise of the Hindenburg Cult. Famed as “one of the greatest encirclement battles in world history” after Leipzig, Metz, and Sedan, and styled as a “modern Cannae,” the Battle of Tannenberg was wrapped in legends and stories that reached beyond the actual military action. Supposedly the Russian General Rennenkampf had intentionally lef…

Tears in the Trenches: A History of Emotions and the Experience of War

(109 words)

Author(s): Loez, André
André, Loez - Tears in the Trenches: A History of Emotions and the Experience of War Keywords: Masculinity | Experience of combat | Soldiers and Combat | Published memoirs and biographies | Religion | French Army and its combattants | Society ‛Uncovered Fields’ Jenny Macleod and Pierre Purseigle, Publication Editor: Brill, The Netherlands, 2004 e-ISBN: 9789047402596 DOI: 10.1163/9789047402596.013 © 2004 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands Loez, André