Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts Related publications

Purchase Access
Subject: Biblical Studies

For the first time in history the texts and images of all the Dead Sea Scrolls are available in their totality on the Internet.

The publication of the scrolls has been completed in 2009, and research is being conducted in the whole world on the basis of the official paper editions. However, at the same time there is an ever growing need to make these editions available on the internet, and Brill has now succeeded in making these available online.

Based on the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library CD-ROM, published by Brill and Brigham Young University, Brill proudly announces an internet edition whereby the biblical texts have been made available in 2015 and the non-biblical texts are available as of the 1st of April 2016.

Both databases present a complete Hebrew transcription and English translation of the Biblical text and the Non-Biblical text, together with high-resolution images and can now be used side by side covering all the DSS texts ever published before.

More information: Brill.com

1Q14 = 1QpMic
1Q15 = 1QpZeph
1Q16 = 1QpPs
1Q17 = 1QJuba
1Q18 = 1QJubb
1Q19 = 1QNoah
1Q19bis = 1QNoah
1Q20 = 1QapGen ar
1Q21 = 1QTLevi ar
1Q22 = 1QDM (1QapocrMosesa?)
1Q23 = 1QEnGiantsa ar
1Q24 = 1QEnGiantsb? ar
1Q25 = 1QApocr. Prophecy
1Q26 = 1QInstruction
1Q27 = 1QMyst
1Q28a = 1QSa
1Q28b = 1QSb
1Q29 = 1QLit. of 3 Tongues of Fire (1QapocrMosesb?)
1Q30 = 1QLiturgical Text A?
1Q31 = 1QLiturgical Text B?
1Q32 = 1QNJ? ar
1Q33 = 1QM
1Q34 + 1Q34bis = 1QLitPra–b
1Q35 = 1QHb
1Q36 = 1QHymns
1Q37 = 1QHymnic Composition?
1Q38 = 1QHymnic Composition?
1Q39 = 1QHymnic Composition?
1Q40 = 1QHymnic Composition?
1Q41 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q42 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q43 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q44 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q45 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q46 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q47 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q49 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q50 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q51 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q52 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q53 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q54 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q55 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q56 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q57 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q58 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q62 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q63 = 1QUnclassified Frgs. ar
1Q64 = 1QUnclassified Frgs. ar
1Q65 = 1QUnclassified Frgs. ar
1Q66 = 1QUnclassified Frgs. ar
1Q67 = 1QUnclassified Frgs. ar
1Q68 = 1QUnclassified Frgs. ar
1Q69 = 1QUnclassified Frgs.
1Q70 = 1QpapUnclassified Frgs.
1Q70bis = 1QpapUnclassified Frgs.
1QHa
1QpHab
1QS
2Q18 = 2QSir
2Q19 = 2QJuba
2Q20 = 2QJubb
2Q21 = 2QapocrMoses?
2Q22 = 2QapocrDavid? (2QNarrative and Poetic Composition?)
2Q23 = 2QApocr. Prophecy
2Q24 = 2QNJ ar
2Q25 = 2QJuridical Text
2Q26 = 2QEnGiants ar
2Q27 = 2QUnclassified Frgs.
2Q28 = 2QUnclassified Frgs.
2Q29 = 2QUnclassified Frgs.
2Q30 = 2QUnclassified Frgs.
2Q31 = 2QUnclassified Frgs.
2Q32 = 2QUnclassified Frgs.
2Q33 = 2QUnclassified Frgs.
3Q4 = 3QpIsa
3Q5 = 3QJub
3Q6 = 3QHymn
3Q7 = 3QTJud?
3Q8 = 3QText Mentioning Angel of Peace
3Q9 = 3QSectarian Text
3Q10 = 3QUnclassified Frgs.
3Q11 = 3QUnclassified Frgs.
3Q12 = 3QUnclassified Frgs. ar
3Q13 = 3QUnclassified Frgs. ar
3Q14 = 3QUnclassified Frgs.
3Q15 = 3QCopper Scroll
4Q88 = 4QPsf
4Q123 = 4Qpaleo paraJosh
4Q158 = 4QBibPar (= RPa)
4Q159 = 4QOrdinancesa
4Q160 = 4QVisSam
4Q161 = 4QpIsaa
4Q162 = 4QpIsab
4Q163 = 4Qpap pIsac
4Q164 = 4QpIsad
4Q165 = 4QpIsae
4Q166 = 4QpHosa
4Q167 = 4QpHosb
4Q168 = 4QpMic?
4Q169 = 4QpNah
4Q170 = 4QpZeph
4Q171 = 4QpPsa
4Q172 = 4QpUnid
4Q173 = 4QpPsb
4Q173a = 4QFragment Mentioning House of Stumbling
4Q174 = 4QFlor (= 4QMidrEschata?)
4Q175 = 4QTest
4Q176 = 4QTanḥ
4Q177 = 4QCatena A (= MidrEschatb?)
4Q178 = 4QUnclass. Frags. (= 4QMidrEschatc?)
4Q179 = 4QapocrLam A
4Q180-181 = 4QAgesCreat A–B
4Q182 = 4QCatena B (= 4QMidrEschatd?)
4Q183 = 4QMidrEschate?
4Q184 = 4QWiles of the Wicked Woman
4Q185 = 4QSapiential Work
4Q186 = 4QHoroscope
4Q196 = 4QpapToba ar
4Q197 = 4QTobb ar
4Q198 = 4QTobc ar
4Q199 = 4QTobd ar
4Q200 = 4QTobe
4Q201 = 4QEna ar
4Q202 = 4QEnb ar
4Q203 = 4QEnGiantsa ar
4Q204 = 4QEnc ar
4Q205 = 4QEnd ar
4Q206 = 4QEnGiantsf ar
4Q207 = 4QEnf ar
4Q208 = 4QEnastra ar
4Q209 = 4QEnastrb ar
4Q210 = 4QEnastrc ar
4Q211 = 4QEnastrd ar
4Q212 = 4QEng ar
4Q213 = 4QLevia ar
4Q213a = 4QLevib ar
4Q213b = 4QLevic ar
4Q214 = 4QLevid ar
4Q214a = 4QLevie ar
4Q214b = 4QLevif ar
4Q215 = 4QNaph
4Q215a = 4QTime of Righteousness
4Q216 = 4QJuba
4Q217 = 4QpapJubb?
4Q218 = 4QJubc
4Q219 = 4QJubd
4Q220 = 4QJube
4Q221 = 4QJubf
4Q222 = 4QJubg
4Q223-224 = 4QJubh
4Q225 = 4QpsJuba
4Q226 = 4QpsJubb
4Q227 = 4QpsJubc?
4Q228 = 4QText with a Citation of Jub
4Q234 = 4QExercitium Calami A
4Q235 = 4QUnid. Text nab
4Q238 = 4QWords of Judgement
4Q242 = 4QPrNab ar
4Q243 = 4QpsDana ar
4Q244 = 4QpsDanb ar
4Q245 = 4QpsDanc ar
4Q246 = 4QapocrDan ar
4Q247 = 4QPesher on the Apocalypse of Weeks
4Q248 = 4QHistorical Text A
4Q249 = 4Qpap cryptA Midrash Sefer Moshe
4Q249a = 4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdaha
4Q249b = 4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahb
4Q249c = 4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahc
4Q249d = 4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahd
4Q249e = 4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahe
4Q249f = 4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahf
4Q249g = 4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahg
4Q249h = 4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahh
4Q249i = 4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahi
4Q249j = 4Qpap cryptA Levh?
4Q249k = 4Qpap cryptA Text Quoting Leviticus A
4Q249l = 4Qpap cryptA Text Quoting Leviticus B
4Q249m = 4Qpap cryptA Hodayot-like Text E
4Q249n = 4Qpap cryptA Liturgical Work E?
4Q249o = 4Qpap cryptA Liturgical Work F?
4Q249p = 4Qpap cryptA Prophecy?
4Q249q = 4Qpap cryptA Fragment Mentioning the Planting
4Q249r = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text A
4Q249s = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text B
4Q249t = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text C
4Q249u = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text D
4Q249v = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text E
4Q249w = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text F
4Q249x = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text G
4Q249y = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text H
4Q249z = 4Qpap cryptA Miscellaneous Texts A
4Q250 = 4Qpap cryptA Text Concerning Cultic Service A
4Q250a = 4Qpap cryptA Text Concerning Cultic Service B?
4Q250b = 4Qpap cryptA Text Related to Isaiah 11
4Q250c = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text I
4Q250d = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text J
4Q250e = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text K
4Q250f = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text L
4Q250g = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text M
4Q250h = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text N
4Q250i = 4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text O
4Q250j = 4Qpap cryptA Miscellaneous Texts B
4Q251 = 4QHalakha A
4Q252 = 4QCommGen A
4Q253 = 4QCommGen B
4Q253a = 4QCommMal
4Q254 = 4QCommGen C
4Q254a = 4QCommGen D
4Q255 = 4QpapSa
4Q256 = 4QSb
4Q257 = 4QpapSc
4Q258 = 4QSd
4Q259 = 4QSe
4Q260 = 4QSf
4Q261 = 4QSg
4Q262 = 4QSh
4Q263 = 4QSi
4Q264 = 4QSj
4Q264a = 4QHalakha B
4Q265 = 4QMiscellaneous Rules
4Q266 = 4QDa
4Q267 = 4QDb
4Q268 = 4QDc
4Q269 = 4QDd
4Q270 = 4QDe
4Q271 = 4QDf
4Q272 = 4QDg
4Q273 = 4QpapDh
4Q274 = 4QTohorot A
4Q275 = 4QCommunal Ceremony
4Q276 = 4QTohorot Ba
4Q277 = 4QTohorot Bb
4Q278 = 4QTohorot C
4Q279 = 4QFour Lots
4Q280 = 4QCurses
4Q281a–f = 4QUnidentified Frgs. A,a–f
4Q282a–t = 4QUnidentified Frgs. B,a–t
4Q284 = 4QPurification Liturgy
4Q284a = 4QHarvesting
4Q285 = 4QSefer ha-Milḥamah
4Q286 = 4QBera
4Q287 = 4QBerb
4Q288 = 4QBerc
4Q289 = 4QBerd
4Q290 = 4QBere
4Q291 = 4QWork Containing Prayers A
4Q292 = 4QWork Containing Prayers B
4Q293 = 4QWork Containing Prayers C
4Q294 = 4QSapiential-Didactic Work C
4Q298 = 4QcryptA Words of the Maskil to All Sons of Dawn
4Q299 = 4QMysta
4Q300 = 4QMystb
4Q301 = 4QMystc?
4Q302 = 4QpapAdmonitory Parable
4Q303 = 4QMeditation on Creation A
4Q304 = 4QMeditation on Creation B
4Q305 = 4QMeditation on Creation C
4Q306 = 4QMen of People Who Err
4Q307 = 4QText Mentioning Temple
4Q313 = 4QcryptA MMTg?
4Q313a = 4QCryptA Unidentified Text P
4Q313b = 4QCryptA Unidentified Text Q
4Q317 = 4QcryptA Lunisolar Calendar
4Q318 = 4QZodiology and Brontology ar
4Q319 = 4QOtot
4Q320 = 4QCal. Doc./Mishmarot A
4Q321 = 4QCal. Doc./Mishmarot B
4Q321a = 4QCal. Doc./Mishmarot C
4Q322 = 4QMishmarot A
4Q322a = 4QHistorical Text H?
4Q323 = 4QMishmarot B
4Q324 = 4QMishmarot C
4Q324a = 4QMishmarot D
4Q324b = 4QpapCal. Doc. A?
4Q324c = 4QMishmarot E
4Q324d = 4QcryptA Lit. Cal.a
4Q324e = 4QcryptA Lit. Cal.b
4Q324f = 4QcryptA Lit. Cal.c?
4Q324g = 4QcryptA Cal. Doc. F?
4Q324h = 4QcryptA Cal. Doc. G?
4Q324i = 4QcryptA Mishmarot J
4Q325 = 4QCal. Doc./Mishmarot D
4Q326 = 4QCal. Doc. C
4Q328 = 4QMishmarot F
4Q329 = 4QMishmarot G
4Q329a = 4QMishmarot H
4Q330 = 4QMishmarot I
4Q331 = 4QpapHistorical Text C
4Q332 = 4QHistorical Text D
4Q332a = 4QUnidentified Text
4Q333 = 4QHistorical Text E
4Q334 = 4QOrdo
4Q337 = 4QCal. Doc. E?
4Q338 = 4QGenealogical List?
4Q339 = 4QList of False Prophets ar
4Q340 = 4QList of Netinim
4Q341 = 4QExercitium Calami C
4Q342 = 4QLetter? ar
4Q343 = 4QLetter nab
4Q344 = 4QDebt Acknowledgement ar
4Q345 = 4QDeed A ar or heb
4Q346 = 4QDeed of Sale ar
4Q346a = 4QUnidentified Frg. A
4Q347 = 4QpapDeed F ar (= part of XḤev/Se 32)
4Q348 = 4QDeed B heb?
4Q351 = 4QAccount of Cereal A ar
4Q352 = 4QpapAccount of Cereal B ar or heb
4Q352a = 4QpapAccount A ar or heb
4Q353 = 4QpapAccount of Cereal or Liquid ar or heb
4Q354 = 4QAccount B ar or heb
4Q355 = 4QAccount C ar or heb
4Q356 = 4QAccount D ar or heb
4Q357 = 4QAccount E ar or heb
4Q358 = 4QpapAccount F? ar or heb
4Q359 = 4QpapDeed C? ar or heb
4Q360 = 4QExercitium Calami B
4Q360a = 4QExercitium Calami B
4Q364 = 4QRPb
4Q365 = 4QRPc
4Q365a = 4QTa?
4Q366 = 4QRPd
4Q367 = 4QRPe
4Q368 = 4QapocrPent. A
4Q369 = 4QPrayer of Enosh (4QPrayer Concerning God and Israel?)
4Q370 = 4QAdmonFlood
4Q371 = 4QNarrative and Poetic Compositiona
4Q372 = 4QNarrative and Poetic Compositionb
4Q373 = 4QNarrative and Poetic Compositionc
4Q373a = 4QNarrative and Poetic Compositiond
4Q374 = 4QExod/Conq. Trad.
4Q375 = 4QapocrMosesa
4Q376 = 4QapocrMosesb?
4Q377 = 4QapocrPent. B
4Q378 = 4QapocrJosha
4Q379 = 4QapocrJoshb
4Q380 = 4QNon-Canonical Psalms A
4Q381 = 4QNon-Canonical Psalms B
4Q382 = 4Qpap paraKings et al.
4Q383 = 4QapocrJer A
4Q384 = 4Qpap apocrJer B?
4Q385 = 4QpsEzeka
4Q385a = 4QapocrJer Ca
4Q385b = 4QpsEzekc
4Q385c = 4QpsEzek: Unid. Frags.
4Q386 = 4QpsEzekb
4Q387 = 4QapocrJer Cb
4Q387a = 4QapocrJer Cf
4Q388 = 4QpsEzekd
4Q388a = 4QapocrJer Cc
4Q389 = 4QapocrJer Cd
4Q390 = 4QapocrJer Ce
4Q391 = 4QpsEzeke
4Q392 = 4QWorks of God
4Q393 = 4QCommunal Confession
4Q394 1–2 = 4QCal. Doc. D 1-2
4Q394 3-10 = 4QMMTa
4Q395 = 4QMMTb
4Q396 = 4QMMTc
4Q397 = 4QMMTd
4Q398 = 4QpapMMTe
4Q399 = 4QMMTf
4Q400 = 4QShirShabba
4Q401 = 4QShirShabbb
4Q402 = 4QShirShabbc
4Q403 = 4QShirShabbd
4Q404 = 4QShirShabbe
4Q405 = 4QShirShabbf
4Q406 = 4QShirShabbg
4Q407 = 4QShirShabbh
4Q408 = 4QapocrMosesc?
4Q409 = 4QLiturgical Work A (4QLiturgy)
4Q410 = 4QVision and Interpretation
4Q411 = 4QSapiential Hymn
4Q412 = 4QSapiential-Didactic Work A
4Q413 = 4QComposition Concerning Divine Providence
4Q414 = 4QRitPur A
4Q415 = 4QInstructiona
4Q416 = 4QInstructionb
4Q417 = 4QInstructionc
4Q418a = 4QInstructiond
4Q418a = 4QInstructione
4Q418b = 4QText with Quotation from Psalm 107?
4Q418c = 4QInstructionf?
4Q419 = 4QInstruction-like Composition A
4Q420 = 4QWays of Righteousnessa
4Q421 = 4QWays of Righteousnessb
4Q422 = 4QParaphrase of Gen and Exod
4Q423 = 4QInstructiong
4Q424 = 4QInstruction-like Composition B
4Q425 = 4QSapiential-Didactic Work B
4Q426 = 4QSapiential-Hymnic Work A
4Q427 = 4QHa
4Q428 = 4QHb
4Q429 = 4QHc
4Q430 = 4QHd
4Q431 = 4QHe
4Q432 = 4QpapHf
4Q433 = 4QHodayot-like Text A
4Q433a = 4QpapHodayot-like Text B
4Q434 = 4QBarkhi Nafshia
4Q435 = 4QBarkhi Nafshib
4Q436 = 4QBarkhi Nafshic
4Q437 = 4QBarkhi Nafshid
4Q438 = 4QBarkhi Nafshie
4Q439 = 4QLament by a Leader
4Q440 = 4QHodayot-like Text C
4Q440a = 4QHodayot-like Text D
4Q440b = 4QFragment Mentioning a Court
4Q441 = 4QIndividual Thanksgiving A
4Q442 = 4QIndividual Thanksgiving B
4Q443 = 4QPersonal Prayer
4Q444 = 4QIncantation
4Q445 = 4QLament A
4Q446 = 4QPoetic Text A
4Q447 = 4QPoetic Text B
4Q448 = 4QApocr. Psalm and Prayer
4Q449 = 4QPrayer A
4Q450 = 4QPrayer B?
4Q451 = 4QPrayer C
4Q452 = 4QPrayer D?
4Q453 = 4QLament B
4Q454 = 4QPrayer E?
4Q455 = 4QDidactic Work C
4Q456 = 4QHalleluyah
4Q457a = 4QCreation?
4Q457b = 4QEschatological Hymn
4Q458 = 4QNarrative A
4Q459 = 4QNarrative Work Mentioning Lebanon
4Q460 = 4QNarrative Work and Prayer
4Q461 = 4QNarrative B
4Q462 = 4QNarrative C
4Q463 = 4QNarrative D
4Q464 = 4QExposition on the Patriarchs
4Q464a = 4QNarrative E
4Q464b = 4QUnclassified Frgs.
4Q465 = 4QpapText Mentioning Samson?
4Q466 = 4QText Mentioning the Congregation of the Lord
4Q467 = 4QText Mentioning ‘Light to Jacob’
4Q468a–c = 4QUnidentified Frgs. C, a–c
4Q468cc–dd = 4QUnidentified Frgs. C,cc–dd
4Q468e = 4QHistorical Text F
4Q468f = 4QHistorical Text G
4Q468g = 4QEschatological Work A?
4Q468i = 4QSectarian Text?
4Q468j = 4QpapUnclassified Frgs.
4Q468k = 4QHymnic Text B?
4Q468l = 4QFragment Mentioning Qoh 1:8-9
4Q468m–bb = 4QUnid. Frgs. D
4Q469 = 4QNarrative I
4Q470 = 4QText Mentioning Zedekiah
4Q471 = 4QWar Scroll-like Text B
4Q471a = 4QPolemical Text
4Q471c = 4QPrayer Concerning God and Israel
4Q472 = 4QEschatological Work B
4Q472a = 4QHalakha C
4Q473 = 4QThe Two Ways
4Q474 = 4QText Concerning Rachel and Joseph
4Q475 = 4QRenewed Earth
4Q476 = 4QLiturgical Work B
4Q476a = 4QLiturgical Work C
4Q477 = 4QRebukes Reported by the Overseer
4Q478 = 4QpapFragment Mentioning Festivals
4Q479 = 4QText Mentioning Descendants of David
4Q480 = 4QNarrative F
4Q481 = 4QText Mentioning Mixed Kinds
4Q481a = 4QapocrElisha
4Q481b = 4QNarrative G
4Q481c = 4QPrayer for Mercy
4Q481d = 4QFrags. With Red Ink
4Q481e = 4QNarrative H
4Q482 = 4QpapJubi?
4Q483 = 4QpapGeno or papJubj?
4Q484 = 4QpapTJud? (papJubk?)
4Q485 = 4QpapProph
4Q486 = 4QpapSap A?
4Q487 = 4QpapSap B?
4Q488 = 4QpapApocryphon ar
4Q489 = 4QpapApocalypse ar
4Q491 = 4QMa
4Q492 = 4QMb
4Q493 = 4QMc
4Q494 = 4QMd
4Q495 = 4QMe
4Q496 = 4QpapMf
4Q497 = 4QpapWar Scroll-like Text A
4Q498 = 4QpapSap/Hymn
4Q499 = 4QpapHymns/Prayers
4Q500 = 4QpapBened
4Q501 = 4QapocrLam B
4Q502 = 4QpapRitMar
4Q503 = 4QpapPrQuot
4Q504 = 4QDibHama
4Q505 = 4QpapDibHamb
4Q506 = 4QpapDibHamc
4Q507 = 4QPrFêtesa
4Q508 = 4QPrFêtesb
4Q509 = 4QpapPrFêtesc
4Q510 = 4QShira
4Q511 = 4QShirb
4Q512 = 4QpapRitPur B
4Q513 = 4QOrdinancesb
4Q514 = 4QOrdinancesc
4Q515 = 4QpapUnclassified Frgs.
4Q516 = 4QpapUnclassified Frgs.
4Q517 = 4QpapUnclassified Frgs.
4Q518 = 4QpapUnclassified Frgs.
4Q519 = 4QpapUnclassified Frgs.
4Q520 = 4QpapUnclassified Frgs.
4Q521 = 4QMessianic Apocalypse
4Q522 = 4QProphecy of Joshua (4QapocrJoshc?)
4Q523 = 4QJonathan
4Q524 = 4QTb
4Q525 = 4QBeatitudes
4Q526 = 4QTestament?
4Q527 = 4QLiturgical Work D?
4Q528 = 4QHymnic or Sapiential Work B
4Q529 = 4QWords of Michael ar
4Q530 = 4QEnGiantsb ar
4Q531 = 4QEnGiantsc ar
4Q532 = 4QEnGiantsd ar
4Q533 = 4QEnGiantse ar
4Q534 = 4QBirth of Noaha ar
4Q535 = 4QBirth of Noahb ar
4Q536 = 4QBirth of Noahc ar
4Q537 = 4QTJacob? ar
4Q538 = 4QTJud ar
4Q539 = 4QTJoseph ar
4Q540 = 4QapocrLevia? ar
4Q541 = 4QapocrLevib? ar
4Q542 = 4QTQahat ar
4Q543 = 4QVisions of ʿAmrama ar
4Q544 = 4QVisions of ʿAmramb ar
4Q545 = 4QVisions of ʿAmramc ar
4Q546 = 4QVisions of ʿAmramd ar
4Q547 = 4QVisions of ʿAmrame ar
4Q548 = 4QVisions of ʿAmramf ar
4Q549 = 4QVisions of ʿAmramg? ar
4Q550 = 4QPrEsthera ar
4Q550a = 4QPrEstherb ar
4Q550b = 4QPrEstherc ar
4Q550c = 4QPrEstherd ar
4Q550d = 4QPrEsthere ar
4Q550e = 4QPrEstherf ar
4Q551 = 4QDanSuz? ar
4Q552 = 4QFour Kingdomsa ar
4Q553 = 4QFour Kingdomsb ar
4Q554 = 4QNJa ar
4Q554a = 4QNJb ar
4Q555 = 4QNJc ar
4Q556 = 4QVisiona ar
4Q557 = 4QVisionc ar
4Q558 = 4QpapVisionb ar
4Q559 = 4QpapBibChronology ar
4Q560 = 4QExorcism ar
4Q561 = 4QPhysiognomy/Horoscope ar
4Q569 = 4QProverbs ar
4Q577 = 4QText Mentioning the Flood
4Q578 = 4QHistorical Text B
4Q579 = 4QHymnic Work?
4Q581 = 4QTestament? ar
5Q9 = 5QWork with Place Names (5QapocrJosh?)
5Q10 = 5QapocrMal
5Q11 = 5QS
5Q12 = 5QD
5Q13 = 5QRule
5Q14 = 5QCurses
5Q15 = 5QNJ ar
5Q16 = 5QUnclassified Frgs.
5Q17 = 5QUnclassified Frgs.
5Q18 = 5QUnclassified Frgs.
5Q19 = 5QUnclassified Frgs.
5Q20 = 5QUnclassified Frgs.
5Q22 = 5QUnclassified Frgs.
5Q23 = 5QUnclassified Frgs.
5Q24 = 5QUnclassified Frgs. ar
5Q25 = 5QUnclassified Frgs.
6Q8 = 6QpapGiants ar
6Q9 = 6Qpap apocrSam–Kgs
6Q10 = 6QpapProph
6Q11 = 6QAllegory of the Vine
6Q12 = 6QApocryphal Prophecy
6Q13 = 6QPriestly Prophecy
6Q14 = 6QApocal. ar
6Q15 = 6QD
6Q16 = 6QpapBened
6Q17 = 6QpapCalendrical Document
6Q18 = 6QpapHymn
6Q19 = 6QText Related to Genesis ar
6Q20 = 6QDeut?
6Q21 = 6QProphetic Text?
6Q22 = 6QpapUnclassified Frgs.
6Q23 = 6QpapUnclassified Frgs. ar
6Q24 = 6QpapUnclassified Frgs.
6Q26 = 6QpapAccount or Contract
6Q27 = 6QpapCursive Unclassified Frgs.
6Q28 = 6QpapCursive Unclassified Frgs.
6Q29 = 6QpapCursive Unclassified Frgs.
6Q30 = 6QpapCursive Unclassified Frgs.
6Q31 = 6QpapUnclassified Frgs.
8Q5 = 8QHymn
9Q1 = 9QpapUnclassified Frg.
11Q5 = 11QPsa
11Q6 = 11QPsb
11Q11 = 11QapocrPs
11Q12 + XQ5a = 11QJub + XQText A
11Q13 = 11QMelch
11Q14 = 11QSefer ha-Milḥamah
11Q15 = 11QHymnsa (Hymns A)
11Q16 = 11QHymnsb
11Q17 = 11QShirShabb
11Q18 = 11QNJ ar
11Q19 = 11QTa
11Q20 = 11QTb
11Q21 = 11QTc?
11Q22 = 11QpaleoUnidentified Text
11Q23 = 11QCryptA Unidentified Text
11Q25 = 11QUnidentified Text A
11Q26 = 11QUnidentified Text B
11Q27 = 11QUnidentified Text C
11Q29 = 11QFragment Related to Serekh ha-Yaḥad
11Q30 = 11QUnclassified Frgs.
Damascus Document, Cairo Geniza = CD
KhQ Ostracon 1
KhQ Ostracon 2
KhQ Ostracon 3
PAM 43.660
PAM 43.661
PAM 43.663
PAM 43.664
PAM 43.665
PAM 43.666
PAM 43.667
PAM 43.668
PAM 43.669
PAM 43.670
PAM 43.671
PAM 43.672
PAM 43.673
PAM 43.674
PAM 43.675
PAM 43.676
PAM 43.677
PAM 43.678
PAM 43.679
PAM 43.680
PAM 43.682
PAM 43.683
PAM 43.684
PAM 43.685
PAM 43.686
PAM 43.688
PAM 43.689
PAM 43.690
PAM 43.691
PAM 43.692
PAM 43.693
PAM 43.694
PAM 43.695
PAM 43.696
PAM 43.697
PAM 43.698
PAM 43.699
PAM 43.700
PAM 43.701
PAM 44.102
XQ5b = XQText B
XQ6 = XQOffering ar
XQ7 = Unidentified Text
1QapGen ar = 1Q20
1QApocr. Prophecy = 1Q25
1QDM (1QapocrMosesa?) = 1Q22
1QEnGiantsa ar = 1Q23
1QEnGiantsb? ar = 1Q24
1QHa
1QHb = 1Q35
1QHymnic Composition? = 1Q37
1QHymnic Composition? = 1Q38
1QHymnic Composition? = 1Q39
1QHymnic Composition? = 1Q40
1QHymns = 1Q36
1QInstruction = 1Q26
1QJuba = 1Q17
1QJubb = 1Q18
1QLit. of 3 Tongues of Fire (1QapocrMosesb?) = 1Q29
1QLitPra–b = 1Q34 + 1Q34bis
1QLiturgical Text A? = 1Q30
1QLiturgical Text B? = 1Q31
1QM = 1Q33
1QMyst = 1Q27
1QNJ? ar = 1Q32
1QNoah = 1Q19
1QNoah = 1Q19bis
1QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q70
1QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q70bis
1QpHab
1QpMic = 1Q14
1QpPs = 1Q16
1QpZeph = 1Q15
1QS
1QSa = 1Q28a
1QSb = 1Q28b
1QTLevi ar = 1Q21
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q41
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q42
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q43
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q44
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q45
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q46
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q47
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q49
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q50
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q51
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q52
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q53
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q54
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q55
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q56
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q57
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q58
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q62
1QUnclassified Frgs. = 1Q69
1QUnclassified Frgs. ar = 1Q63
1QUnclassified Frgs. ar = 1Q64
1QUnclassified Frgs. ar = 1Q65
1QUnclassified Frgs. ar = 1Q66
1QUnclassified Frgs. ar = 1Q67
1QUnclassified Frgs. ar = 1Q68
2QApocr. Prophecy = 2Q23
2QapocrDavid? (2QNarrative and Poetic Composition?) = 2Q22
2QapocrMoses? = 2Q21
2QEnGiants ar = 2Q26
2QJuba = 2Q19
2QJubb = 2Q20
2QJuridical Text = 2Q25
2QNJ ar = 2Q24
2QSir = 2Q18
2QUnclassified Frgs. = 2Q27
2QUnclassified Frgs. = 2Q28
2QUnclassified Frgs. = 2Q29
2QUnclassified Frgs. = 2Q30
2QUnclassified Frgs. = 2Q31
2QUnclassified Frgs. = 2Q32
2QUnclassified Frgs. = 2Q33
3QCopper Scroll = 3Q15
3QHymn = 3Q6
3QJub = 3Q5
3QpIsa = 3Q4
3QSectarian Text = 3Q9
3QText Mentioning Angel of Peace = 3Q8
3QTJud? = 3Q7
3QUnclassified Frgs. = 3Q10
3QUnclassified Frgs. = 3Q11
3QUnclassified Frgs. = 3Q14
3QUnclassified Frgs. ar = 3Q12
3QUnclassified Frgs. ar = 3Q13
4QAccount B ar or heb = 4Q354
4QAccount C ar or heb = 4Q355
4QAccount D ar or heb = 4Q356
4QAccount E ar or heb = 4Q357
4QAccount of Cereal A ar = 4Q351
4QAdmonFlood = 4Q370
4QAgesCreat A–B = 4Q180-181
4QApocr. Psalm and Prayer = 4Q448
4QapocrDan ar = 4Q246
4QapocrElisha = 4Q481a
4QapocrJer A = 4Q383
4QapocrJer Ca = 4Q385a
4QapocrJer Cb = 4Q387
4QapocrJer Cc = 4Q388a
4QapocrJer Cd = 4Q389
4QapocrJer Ce = 4Q390
4QapocrJer Cf = 4Q387a
4QapocrJosha = 4Q378
4QapocrJoshb = 4Q379
4QapocrLam A = 4Q179
4QapocrLam B = 4Q501
4QapocrLevia? ar = 4Q540
4QapocrLevib? ar = 4Q541
4QapocrMosesa = 4Q375
4QapocrMosesb? = 4Q376
4QapocrMosesc? = 4Q408
4QapocrPent. A = 4Q368
4QapocrPent. B = 4Q377
4QBarkhi Nafshia = 4Q434
4QBarkhi Nafshib = 4Q435
4QBarkhi Nafshic = 4Q436
4QBarkhi Nafshid = 4Q437
4QBarkhi Nafshie = 4Q438
4QBeatitudes = 4Q525
4QBera = 4Q286
4QBerb = 4Q287
4QBerc = 4Q288
4QBerd = 4Q289
4QBere = 4Q290
4QBibPar (= RPa) = 4Q158
4QBirth of Noaha ar = 4Q534
4QBirth of Noahb ar = 4Q535
4QBirth of Noahc ar = 4Q536
4QCal. Doc. C = 4Q326
4QCal. Doc. D 1-2 = 4Q394 1–2
4QCal. Doc. E? = 4Q337
4QCal. Doc./Mishmarot A = 4Q320
4QCal. Doc./Mishmarot B = 4Q321
4QCal. Doc./Mishmarot C = 4Q321a
4QCal. Doc./Mishmarot D = 4Q325
4QCatena A (= MidrEschatb?) = 4Q177
4QCatena B (= 4QMidrEschatd?) = 4Q182
4QCommGen A = 4Q252
4QCommGen B = 4Q253
4QCommGen C = 4Q254
4QCommGen D = 4Q254a
4QCommMal = 4Q253a
4QCommunal Ceremony = 4Q275
4QCommunal Confession = 4Q393
4QComposition Concerning Divine Providence = 4Q413
4QCreation? = 4Q457a
4QcryptA Cal. Doc. F? = 4Q324g
4QcryptA Cal. Doc. G? = 4Q324h
4QcryptA Lit. Cal.a = 4Q324d
4QcryptA Lit. Cal.b = 4Q324e
4QcryptA Lit. Cal.c? = 4Q324f
4QcryptA Lunisolar Calendar = 4Q317
4QcryptA Mishmarot J = 4Q324i
4QcryptA MMTg? = 4Q313
4QCryptA Unidentified Text P = 4Q313a
4QCryptA Unidentified Text Q = 4Q313b
4QcryptA Words of the Maskil to All Sons of Dawn = 4Q298
4QCurses = 4Q280
4QDa = 4Q266
4QDb = 4Q267
4QDc = 4Q268
4QDd = 4Q269
4QDe = 4Q270
4QDf = 4Q271
4QDg = 4Q272
4QDanSuz? ar = 4Q551
4QDebt Acknowledgement ar = 4Q344
4QDeed A ar or heb = 4Q345
4QDeed B heb? = 4Q348
4QDeed of Sale ar = 4Q346
4QDibHama = 4Q504
4QDidactic Work C = 4Q455
4QEna ar = 4Q201
4QEnb ar = 4Q202
4QEnc ar = 4Q204
4QEnd ar = 4Q205
4QEnf ar = 4Q207
4QEng ar = 4Q212
4QEnastra ar = 4Q208
4QEnastrb ar = 4Q209
4QEnastrc ar = 4Q210
4QEnastrd ar = 4Q211
4QEnGiantsa ar = 4Q203
4QEnGiantsb ar = 4Q530
4QEnGiantsc ar = 4Q531
4QEnGiantsd ar = 4Q532
4QEnGiantse ar = 4Q533
4QEnGiantsf ar = 4Q206
4QEschatological Hymn = 4Q457b
4QEschatological Work A? = 4Q468g
4QEschatological Work B = 4Q472
4QExercitium Calami A = 4Q234
4QExercitium Calami B = 4Q360
4QExercitium Calami B = 4Q360a
4QExercitium Calami C = 4Q341
4QExod/Conq. Trad. = 4Q374
4QExorcism ar = 4Q560
4QExposition on the Patriarchs = 4Q464
4QFlor (= 4QMidrEschata?) = 4Q174
4QFour Kingdomsa ar = 4Q552
4QFour Kingdomsb ar = 4Q553
4QFour Lots = 4Q279
4QFragment Mentioning a Court = 4Q440b
4QFragment Mentioning House of Stumbling = 4Q173a
4QFragment Mentioning Qoh 1:8-9 = 4Q468l
4QFrags. With Red Ink = 4Q481d
4QGenealogical List? = 4Q338
4QHa = 4Q427
4QHb = 4Q428
4QHc = 4Q429
4QHd = 4Q430
4QHe = 4Q431
4QHalakha A = 4Q251
4QHalakha B = 4Q264a
4QHalakha C = 4Q472a
4QHalleluyah = 4Q456
4QHarvesting = 4Q284a
4QHistorical Text A = 4Q248
4QHistorical Text B = 4Q578
4QHistorical Text D = 4Q332
4QHistorical Text E = 4Q333
4QHistorical Text F = 4Q468e
4QHistorical Text G = 4Q468f
4QHistorical Text H? = 4Q322a
4QHodayot-like Text A = 4Q433
4QHodayot-like Text C = 4Q440
4QHodayot-like Text D = 4Q440a
4QHoroscope = 4Q186
4QHymnic or Sapiential Work B = 4Q528
4QHymnic Text B? = 4Q468k
4QHymnic Work? = 4Q579
4QIncantation = 4Q444
4QIndividual Thanksgiving A = 4Q441
4QIndividual Thanksgiving B = 4Q442
4QInstructiona = 4Q415
4QInstructionb = 4Q416
4QInstructionc = 4Q417
4QInstructiond = 4Q418a
4QInstructione = 4Q418a
4QInstructionf? = 4Q418c
4QInstructiong = 4Q423
4QInstruction-like Composition A = 4Q419
4QInstruction-like Composition B = 4Q424
4QJonathan = 4Q523
4QJuba = 4Q216
4QJubc = 4Q218
4QJubd = 4Q219
4QJube = 4Q220
4QJubf = 4Q221
4QJubg = 4Q222
4QJubh = 4Q223-224
4QLament A = 4Q445
4QLament B = 4Q453
4QLament by a Leader = 4Q439
4QLetter nab = 4Q343
4QLetter? ar = 4Q342
4QLevia ar = 4Q213
4QLevib ar = 4Q213a
4QLevic ar = 4Q213b
4QLevid ar = 4Q214
4QLevie ar = 4Q214a
4QLevif ar = 4Q214b
4QList of False Prophets ar = 4Q339
4QList of Netinim = 4Q340
4QLiturgical Work A (4QLiturgy) = 4Q409
4QLiturgical Work B = 4Q476
4QLiturgical Work C = 4Q476a
4QLiturgical Work D? = 4Q527
4QMa = 4Q491
4QMb = 4Q492
4QMc = 4Q493
4QMd = 4Q494
4QMe = 4Q495
4QMeditation on Creation A = 4Q303
4QMeditation on Creation B = 4Q304
4QMeditation on Creation C = 4Q305
4QMen of People Who Err = 4Q306
4QMessianic Apocalypse = 4Q521
4QMidrEschate? = 4Q183
4QMiscellaneous Rules = 4Q265
4QMishmarot A = 4Q322
4QMishmarot B = 4Q323
4QMishmarot C = 4Q324
4QMishmarot D = 4Q324a
4QMishmarot E = 4Q324c
4QMishmarot F = 4Q328
4QMishmarot G = 4Q329
4QMishmarot H = 4Q329a
4QMishmarot I = 4Q330
4QMMTa = 4Q394 3-10
4QMMTb = 4Q395
4QMMTc = 4Q396
4QMMTd = 4Q397
4QMMTf = 4Q399
4QMysta = 4Q299
4QMystb = 4Q300
4QMystc? = 4Q301
4QNaph = 4Q215
4QNarrative A = 4Q458
4QNarrative and Poetic Compositiona = 4Q371
4QNarrative and Poetic Compositionb = 4Q372
4QNarrative and Poetic Compositionc = 4Q373
4QNarrative and Poetic Compositiond = 4Q373a
4QNarrative B = 4Q461
4QNarrative C = 4Q462
4QNarrative D = 4Q463
4QNarrative E = 4Q464a
4QNarrative F = 4Q480
4QNarrative G = 4Q481b
4QNarrative H = 4Q481e
4QNarrative I = 4Q469
4QNarrative Work and Prayer = 4Q460
4QNarrative Work Mentioning Lebanon = 4Q459
4QNJa ar = 4Q554
4QNJb ar = 4Q554a
4QNJc ar = 4Q555
4QNon-Canonical Psalms A = 4Q380
4QNon-Canonical Psalms B = 4Q381
4QOrdinancesa = 4Q159
4QOrdinancesb = 4Q513
4QOrdinancesc = 4Q514
4QOrdo = 4Q334
4QOtot = 4Q319
4Qpaleo paraJosh = 4Q123
4Qpap apocrJer B? = 4Q384
4Qpap cryptA Fragment Mentioning the Planting = 4Q249q
4Qpap cryptA Hodayot-like Text E = 4Q249m
4Qpap cryptA Levh? = 4Q249j
4Qpap cryptA Liturgical Work E? = 4Q249n
4Qpap cryptA Liturgical Work F? = 4Q249o
4Qpap cryptA Midrash Sefer Moshe = 4Q249
4Qpap cryptA Miscellaneous Texts A = 4Q249z
4Qpap cryptA Miscellaneous Texts B = 4Q250j
4Qpap cryptA Prophecy? = 4Q249p
4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdaha = 4Q249a
4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahb = 4Q249b
4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahc = 4Q249c
4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahd = 4Q249d
4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahe = 4Q249e
4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahf = 4Q249f
4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahg = 4Q249g
4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahh = 4Q249h
4Qpap cryptA Serekh ha-ʿEdahi = 4Q249i
4Qpap cryptA Text Concerning Cultic Service A = 4Q250
4Qpap cryptA Text Concerning Cultic Service B? = 4Q250a
4Qpap cryptA Text Quoting Leviticus A = 4Q249k
4Qpap cryptA Text Quoting Leviticus B = 4Q249l
4Qpap cryptA Text Related to Isaiah 11 = 4Q250b
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text A = 4Q249r
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text B = 4Q249s
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text C = 4Q249t
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text D = 4Q249u
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text E = 4Q249v
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text F = 4Q249w
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text G = 4Q249x
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text H = 4Q249y
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text I = 4Q250c
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text J = 4Q250d
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text K = 4Q250e
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text L = 4Q250f
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text M = 4Q250g
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text N = 4Q250h
4Qpap cryptA Unidentified Text O = 4Q250i
4Qpap paraKings et al. = 4Q382
4Qpap pIsac = 4Q163
4QpapAccount A ar or heb = 4Q352a
4QpapAccount F? ar or heb = 4Q358
4QpapAccount of Cereal B ar or heb = 4Q352
4QpapAccount of Cereal or Liquid ar or heb = 4Q353
4QpapAdmonitory Parable = 4Q302
4QpapApocalypse ar = 4Q489
4QpapApocryphon ar = 4Q488
4QpapBened = 4Q500
4QpapBibChronology ar = 4Q559
4QpapCal. Doc. A? = 4Q324b
4QpapDh = 4Q273
4QpapDeed C? ar or heb = 4Q359
4QpapDeed F ar (= part of XḤev/Se 32) = 4Q347
4QpapDibHamb = 4Q505
4QpapDibHamc = 4Q506
4QpapFragment Mentioning Festivals = 4Q478
4QpapGeno or papJubj? = 4Q483
4QpapHf = 4Q432
4QpapHistorical Text C = 4Q331
4QpapHodayot-like Text B = 4Q433a
4QpapHymns/Prayers = 4Q499
4QpapJubb? = 4Q217
4QpapJubi? = 4Q482
4QpapMf = 4Q496
4QpapMMTe = 4Q398
4QpapPrFêtesc = 4Q509
4QpapProph = 4Q485
4QpapPrQuot = 4Q503
4QpapRitMar = 4Q502
4QpapRitPur B = 4Q512
4QpapSa = 4Q255
4QpapSc = 4Q257
4QpapSap A? = 4Q486
4QpapSap B? = 4Q487
4QpapSap/Hymn = 4Q498
4QpapText Mentioning Samson? = 4Q465
4QpapTJud? (papJubk?) = 4Q484
4QpapToba ar = 4Q196
4QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 4Q468j
4QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 4Q515
4QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 4Q516
4QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 4Q517
4QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 4Q518
4QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 4Q519
4QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 4Q520
4QpapVisionb ar = 4Q558
4QpapWar Scroll-like Text A = 4Q497
4QParaphrase of Gen and Exod = 4Q422
4QPersonal Prayer = 4Q443
4QPesher on the Apocalypse of Weeks = 4Q247
4QpHosa = 4Q166
4QpHosb = 4Q167
4QPhysiognomy/Horoscope ar = 4Q561
4QpIsaa = 4Q161
4QpIsab = 4Q162
4QpIsad = 4Q164
4QpIsae = 4Q165
4QpMic? = 4Q168
4QpNah = 4Q169
4QPoetic Text A = 4Q446
4QPoetic Text B = 4Q447
4QPolemical Text = 4Q471a
4QpPsa = 4Q171
4QpPsb = 4Q173
4QPrayer A = 4Q449
4QPrayer B? = 4Q450
4QPrayer C = 4Q451
4QPrayer Concerning God and Israel = 4Q471c
4QPrayer D? = 4Q452
4QPrayer E? = 4Q454
4QPrayer for Mercy = 4Q481c
4QPrayer of Enosh (4QPrayer Concerning God and Israel?) = 4Q369
4QPrEsthera ar = 4Q550
4QPrEstherb ar = 4Q550a
4QPrEstherc ar = 4Q550b
4QPrEstherd ar = 4Q550c
4QPrEsthere ar = 4Q550d
4QPrEstherf ar = 4Q550e
4QPrFêtesa = 4Q507
4QPrFêtesb = 4Q508
4QPrNab ar = 4Q242
4QProphecy of Joshua (4QapocrJoshc?) = 4Q522
4QProverbs ar = 4Q569
4QPsf = 4Q88
4QpsDana ar = 4Q243
4QpsDanb ar = 4Q244
4QpsDanc ar = 4Q245
4QpsEzek: Unid. Frags. = 4Q385c
4QpsEzeka = 4Q385
4QpsEzekb = 4Q386
4QpsEzekc = 4Q385b
4QpsEzekd = 4Q388
4QpsEzeke = 4Q391
4QpsJuba = 4Q225
4QpsJubb = 4Q226
4QpsJubc? = 4Q227
4QpUnid = 4Q172
4QPurification Liturgy = 4Q284
4QpZeph = 4Q170
4QRebukes Reported by the Overseer = 4Q477
4QRenewed Earth = 4Q475
4QRitPur A = 4Q414
4QRPb = 4Q364
4QRPc = 4Q365
4QRPd = 4Q366
4QRPe = 4Q367
4QSb = 4Q256
4QSd = 4Q258
4QSe = 4Q259
4QSf = 4Q260
4QSg = 4Q261
4QSh = 4Q262
4QSi = 4Q263
4QSj = 4Q264
4QSapiential Hymn = 4Q411
4QSapiential Work = 4Q185
4QSapiential-Didactic Work A = 4Q412
4QSapiential-Didactic Work B = 4Q425
4QSapiential-Didactic Work C = 4Q294
4QSapiential-Hymnic Work A = 4Q426
4QSectarian Text? = 4Q468i
4QSefer ha-Milḥamah = 4Q285
4QShira = 4Q510
4QShirb = 4Q511
4QShirShabba = 4Q400
4QShirShabbb = 4Q401
4QShirShabbc = 4Q402
4QShirShabbd = 4Q403
4QShirShabbe = 4Q404
4QShirShabbf = 4Q405
4QShirShabbg = 4Q406
4QShirShabbh = 4Q407
4QTa? = 4Q365a
4QTb = 4Q524
4QTanḥ = 4Q176
4QTest = 4Q175
4QTestament? = 4Q526
4QTestament? ar = 4Q581
4QText Concerning Rachel and Joseph = 4Q474
4QText Mentioning ‘Light to Jacob’ = 4Q467
4QText Mentioning Descendants of David = 4Q479
4QText Mentioning Mixed Kinds = 4Q481
4QText Mentioning Temple = 4Q307
4QText Mentioning the Congregation of the Lord = 4Q466
4QText Mentioning the Flood = 4Q577
4QText Mentioning Zedekiah = 4Q470
4QText with a Citation of Jub = 4Q228
4QText with Quotation from Psalm 107? = 4Q418b
4QThe Two Ways = 4Q473
4QTime of Righteousness = 4Q215a
4QTJacob? ar = 4Q537
4QTJoseph ar = 4Q539
4QTJud ar = 4Q538
4QTobb ar = 4Q197
4QTobc ar = 4Q198
4QTobd ar = 4Q199
4QTobe = 4Q200
4QTohorot A = 4Q274
4QTohorot Ba = 4Q276
4QTohorot Bb = 4Q277
4QTohorot C = 4Q278
4QTQahat ar = 4Q542
4QUnclass. Frags. (= 4QMidrEschatc?) = 4Q178
4QUnclassified Frgs. = 4Q464b
4QUnid. Frgs. D = 4Q468m–bb
4QUnid. Text nab = 4Q235
4QUnidentified Frg. A = 4Q346a
4QUnidentified Frgs. A,a–f = 4Q281a–f
4QUnidentified Frgs. B,a–t = 4Q282a–t
4QUnidentified Frgs. C, a–c = 4Q468a–c
4QUnidentified Frgs. C,cc–dd = 4Q468cc–dd
4QUnidentified Text = 4Q332a
4QVision and Interpretation = 4Q410
4QVisiona ar = 4Q556
4QVisionc ar = 4Q557
4QVisions of ʿAmrama ar = 4Q543
4QVisions of ʿAmramb ar = 4Q544
4QVisions of ʿAmramc ar = 4Q545
4QVisions of ʿAmramd ar = 4Q546
4QVisions of ʿAmrame ar = 4Q547
4QVisions of ʿAmramf ar = 4Q548
4QVisions of ʿAmramg? ar = 4Q549
4QVisSam = 4Q160
4QWar Scroll-like Text B = 4Q471
4QWays of Righteousnessa = 4Q420
4QWays of Righteousnessb = 4Q421
4QWiles of the Wicked Woman = 4Q184
4QWords of Judgement = 4Q238
4QWords of Michael ar = 4Q529
4QWork Containing Prayers A = 4Q291
4QWork Containing Prayers B = 4Q292
4QWork Containing Prayers C = 4Q293
4QWorks of God = 4Q392
4QZodiology and Brontology ar = 4Q318
5QapocrMal = 5Q10
5QCurses = 5Q14
5QD = 5Q12
5QNJ ar = 5Q15
5QRule = 5Q13
5QS = 5Q11
5QUnclassified Frgs. = 5Q16
5QUnclassified Frgs. = 5Q17
5QUnclassified Frgs. = 5Q18
5QUnclassified Frgs. = 5Q19
5QUnclassified Frgs. = 5Q20
5QUnclassified Frgs. = 5Q22
5QUnclassified Frgs. = 5Q23
5QUnclassified Frgs. = 5Q25
5QUnclassified Frgs. ar = 5Q24
5QWork with Place Names (5QapocrJosh?) = 5Q9
6QAllegory of the Vine = 6Q11
6QApocal. ar = 6Q14
6QApocryphal Prophecy = 6Q12
6QD = 6Q15
6QDeut? = 6Q20
6Qpap apocrSam–Kgs = 6Q9
6QpapAccount or Contract = 6Q26
6QpapBened = 6Q16
6QpapCalendrical Document = 6Q17
6QpapCursive Unclassified Frgs. = 6Q27
6QpapCursive Unclassified Frgs. = 6Q28
6QpapCursive Unclassified Frgs. = 6Q29
6QpapCursive Unclassified Frgs. = 6Q30
6QpapGiants ar = 6Q8
6QpapHymn = 6Q18
6QpapProph = 6Q10
6QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 6Q22
6QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 6Q24
6QpapUnclassified Frgs. = 6Q31
6QpapUnclassified Frgs. ar = 6Q23
6QPriestly Prophecy = 6Q13
6QProphetic Text? = 6Q21
6QText Related to Genesis ar = 6Q19
8QHymn = 8Q5
9QpapUnclassified Frg. = 9Q1
11QapocrPs = 11Q11
11QCryptA Unidentified Text = 11Q23
11QFragment Related to Serekh ha-Yaḥad = 11Q29
11QHymnsa (Hymns A) = 11Q15
11QHymnsb = 11Q16
11QJub + XQText A = 11Q12 + XQ5a
11QMelch = 11Q13
11QNJ ar = 11Q18
11QpaleoUnidentified Text = 11Q22
11QPsa = 11Q5
11QPsb = 11Q6
11QSefer ha-Milḥamah = 11Q14
11QShirShabb = 11Q17
11QTa = 11Q19
11QTb = 11Q20
11QTc? = 11Q21
11QUnclassified Frgs. = 11Q30
11QUnidentified Text A = 11Q25
11QUnidentified Text B = 11Q26
11QUnidentified Text C = 11Q27
CD = Damascus Document, Cairo Geniza
Kh. Q. Ostracon 1
Kh. Q. Ostracon 2
Kh. Q. Ostracon 3
PAM 43.660
PAM 43.661
PAM 43.663
PAM 43.664
PAM 43.665
PAM 43.666
PAM 43.667
PAM 43.668
PAM 43.669
PAM 43.670
PAM 43.671
PAM 43.672
PAM 43.673
PAM 43.674
PAM 43.675
PAM 43.676
PAM 43.677
PAM 43.678
PAM 43.679
PAM 43.680
PAM 43.682
PAM 43.683
PAM 43.684
PAM 43.685
PAM 43.686
PAM 43.688
PAM 43.689
PAM 43.690
PAM 43.691
PAM 43.692
PAM 43.693
PAM 43.694
PAM 43.695
PAM 43.696
PAM 43.697
PAM 43.698
PAM 43.699
PAM 43.700
PAM 43.701
PAM 44.102
Unidentified Text = XQ7
XQOffering ar = XQ6
XQText B = XQ5b

Contents

The contents of this online publication is identical to that of The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library, Brigham Young University, Revised Edition 2006, part of the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Reference Library of E.J. Brill Publishers (Leiden: Brill, 2006). Its interface is different.

The contents are described in the Introduction.

  1. the Hebrew Non-Biblical texts in the Dead Sea Scrolls, with photographs of all fragments
  2. an English translation, based not on individual fragments but on all extant fragments that form a particular Masoretic book (or part thereof); it is equally based on the Masoretic text for those parts that are missing in the Dead Sea Scrolls
In addition, there are
  1. an introduction to the Dead Sea Scrolls Non-Biblical Texts
  2. an inventory of the Qumran texts

Interface

The interface of Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts Online is different from the CD-ROM because it is adapted to our website, BrillOnline Reference Works.

The publication is divided into texts.

Texts

The texts consist of transcriptions by various editors (see the Introduction) and their translations accompanied by images (photographs), allowing for. comparison with the diplomatic edition of the Hebrew or Aramaic text.

The texts are arranged by columns or fragments.

Images

The images (photographs) accompanying the transcriptions derive mostly from the collection of the Palestine Antiquities Museum (PAM), now housed in the Israel Antiquities Authority. Some images come from the collection of the Israel Antiquities Authority.

Many plates contain several images, all well indicated, and the user always has to identify first the fragment in which one is interested.

Often more than one image is provided, starting with the last series of PAM photographs (43 or 44 series), followed by the earlier series (42, 41, 40).

Practical advice. Click on a photograph to expand it in a window on the current page; then right-click and select "Open image in new tab" (or similar wordings) to open the photograph at maximum size in a new tab. By fragging the tab from its position, it becomes a separate window. That window can be positioned next to the transcription and translation of the text in your current window, enabling side-by-side comparison. (Now close the enlarged image in your original window by clicking on it).

Reconstructions

Philologically certain text is presented in black; reconstructed text is an in orange/brown colour. Reconstructed text is placed between square brackets. For details, see the Introduction, I.

Spacing

Usually the space between stretches of preserved letters within the line in the Hebrew text is indicated precisely. In other words, the reconstructed text would fit exactly in the indicated space. However, in some instances the spacing is imprecise, especially when much text is lacking. This situation will be improved in a subsequent release of the database.

Parallels

Previous editions of this publication relied on a visual means for indicating parallel texts. This system, using overbars and underlines, was developed fully in the volumes published in the 1990s. It is based on examination of the exact amount of overlap as recorded in the DJD editions. 16 It records very precisely all the letters and spaces that any two texts have in common, so that even the smallest agreements and differences between them are visible whether underlined or not. In several cases, three or four different parallels are indicated by three types of underlining as well as overbars, such as in the manuscripts of the Damascus Document (4Q266–273 [DJD XVIII]).

Unfortunately, our website does not support this visual system. Brill is therefore developing an alternative.

Meanwhile, all information pertaining to parallel texts can be found in the metadata of each fragment or column. This system ensures that no information is lost. Thanks to the web interface of this publication, users can position parallel texts side by side in two different windowns and compare them line by line.

Uncertain Aramaic numerals

Probable and possible characters are indicated in the Dead Sea Scrolls transcription with dot above and circle above respectively. This applies also to Aramaic numerals in the Hebrew text. However, the font that is used for rendering Aramaic numerals does not support these combining characters. As a result, the dot above and circle above may be displayed beside the character instead of over it, or they can be displayed as a square. This differs per browser.

For example, 4Q320 Frg. 4 Col. v, contains in line 2 a character which probably is the Imperial Aramaic number one. In most browsers, the dot above is displayed to the top left of the numeral instead of over it.

Browsers have problems combining characters from different fonts. For that reason, Brill is working on an extension of the Imperial Aramaic and Phoenician fonts we are using at the moment. Once that is implemented, such combining characters should display correctly across all browsers. We expect this to happen in June 2016.

Navigation

Users of Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts Online can navigate from one entry to the next (or the previous) by clicking on the navigation arrows at the top and bottom of every entry. The upward arrow leads to the list of entries. This is the list of Dead Sea Scrolls Non-Biblical Texts ordered by inventory number. This list can be found under the tab Texts acc. to inv. number on the home page of this publication, which is where you are now.

There is also a list of Dead Sea Scrolls Non-Biblical Texts ordered by descriptive name. It can be found under the tab Texts acc. to name, to the right of the tab mentioned above.

There are two other tabs on the homepage. One contains links to, among others, the scholarly introduction to Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts, the Contents of The Dead Sea Scrolls Reader (ed. D. W. Parry and E. Tov, Leiden/Boston, 2004-2005), and the Inventory of the Qumran Texts (E. Tov with the collaboration of S. J. Pfann, a revised version (2005) of the original publication in DJD 39 (2002) 27–114). The other tab is the 'About this publication' you are reading right now.

Search

At the top of every page on BrillOnline Reference Works, there is a search field. This searches both content (full text) and metadata. In this way one can search for a specific Qumran text.

The search results are ordered by relevance (as determined by the search algorithms). Re-ordering from old to new or vice-versa is possible. Click on a search result to open the entry. Use back space to return to your search results, or navigate to the next (or previous) result using the arrows at the very top of the entry.

Advanced Search is not a useful option for this publication.

Blue Text

All entries contain hyperlinks (blue text). Such links can be found in the entry table of contents, for navigation to other parts of the entry. There are also hyperlinks to other entries. Entries with text and translation will often refer to entries with text copies, and vice-versa.

Help

Please refer to the platform's help section for more detailed information about Search and other features. There are also dedicated Help sections for Scholars and Librarians.

Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts: Alternative Format

Note that Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts is also available from Brigham Young University. Not in the form of a CD-ROM, but as a set of electronic books which can be read and linguistically analyzed through the WordCruncher software. Please contact Brigham Young to download the software and the books.