Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism

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Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Wouter J. Hanegraaff, in collaboration with Antoine Faivre, Roelof van den Broek and Jean-Pierre Brach

Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online is the comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19thcentury Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online also contains articles about the life and work of all the major personalities in the history of Gnosis and Western Esotericism, discussing their ideas, significance, and historical influence.

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Valentinus and Valentinians

(10,908 words)

Author(s): Holzhausen, Jens
1. Sources and their Problems The Valentinian school represents the most important heretical Christian current of the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD, whose traces are still evident as late as the 7th and 8th centuries. The name “Valentinians” is first found in Justin ( Dialogus cum Tryphone, 35, 6) and Hegesippus (in Eusebius, Historia Ecclesiastica, IV, 22, 5), and also in the form ‘those who stem from Valentinus’ (frequent in Origen), while Irenaeus, → Clement of Alexandria, Hippolytus, and others speak of “Valentinus's school”. The group was distribut…

Vaughan, Thomas

(1,544 words)

Author(s): Rudrum, Alan
Vaughan, Thomas (Eugenius Philalethes), * 1621 (Newton-by-Usk, Breconshire (Wales)), † 27 Feb 1666 (Albury, Oxfordshire) Younger twin brother of the poet Henry Vaughan (1621-1695). Vaughan was educated privately by Matthew Herbert (ca. 1600-1660), admitted to Jesus College, Oxford in May 1638, proceeded to the BA degree in 1642, and continued his studies there for some years thereafter. He fought in the Civil War on the Royalist side, and was taken prisoner at Rowton Heath in 1645. He became rector of his home…

Venise, Jean-Marie de

(9 words)

→ Ragon de Bettignies, Jean-Marie