Encyclopaedia Islamica

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Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies

Edited by: Farhad Daftary and Wilferd Madelung

Encyclopaedia Islamica Online is based on the abridged and edited translation of the Persian Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif-i Buzurg-i Islāmī, one of the most comprehensive sources on Islam and the Muslim world. A unique feature of the Encyclopaedia Islamica Online lies in the attention given to Shiʿi Islam and its rich and diverse heritage. In addition to providing entries on important themes, subjects and personages in Islam generally, Encyclopaedia Islamica Online offers the Western reader an opportunity to appreciate the various dimensions of Shiʿi Islam, the Persian contribution to Islamic civilization, and the spiritual dimensions of the Islamic tradition.

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Enoch (Idrīs)

(8,910 words)

Author(s): Faramarz Haj Manouchehri
Enoch (Idrīs), one of the divine messengers mentioned in the Bible who is identified with Idrīs in the Qurʾān. According to traditions he was descended from Seth (Shīth), the son of Adam, and in the period between Adam and Noah (Nūḥ) taught the doctrine of monotheism; In the brief references to Idrīs in the Qurʾān, he is called ‘a man of truth’ ( ṣiddīq) among the prophets (Q 19:56), and his name is set beside those of two other prophets (Ismāʿīl and Dhū al-Kifl) as examples of ‘those who have fortitude’ ( ṣābirūn) and are ‘upright’ ( ṣāliḥūn) (Q 21:85–86). It is also stated that he wa…
Date: 2017-06-07