Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World

Get access Subject: History
Edited by: Philip Ford (†), Jan Bloemendal and Charles Fantazzi

With its striking range and penetrating depth, Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World traces the enduring history and wide-ranging cultural influence of Neo-Latin, the form of Latin that originated in the Italian Renaissance and persists to the modern era. Featuring original contributions by a host of distinguished international scholars, this comprehensive reference work explores every aspect of the civilized world from literature and law to philosophy and the sciences.


Neo-Latin and Renaissance Schools

(4,151 words)

Author(s): Mack, Peter
¶ Since there were no native speakers of Latin in the Renaissance, grammar school education was needed to train both the writers of Neo-Latin and their audiences. As in the Middle Ages, the main goal o…

Neo-Latin and the Plastic Arts in Northern Europe

(9,170 words)

Author(s): Nativel, Colette
¶ Neo-Latin literature on art, the first expression of which can be found in Italy (Alberti, De pictura, Landino)—if one does not consider as literature on art the mediaeval ‘books of recipes’, like the famous De diversis artibus, writte…

Neo-Latin and the Vernacular: Methodological Issues

(7,554 words)

Author(s): Deneire, Tom
¶ This chapter was conceived within the context of the NWO-project Dynamics of Neo-Latin and the Vernacular. The Role of Self-Representation, Self-Presentation and Imaging in the Field of Cultural Transmission, …

Neo-Latin and the Vernacular: Poetry

(8,444 words)

Author(s): Thurn, Nikolaus
Introduction ¶ Side by side with classical antiquity, Neo-Latin poetry has long been cited to explain the development of the vernacular poetic culture of the early modern era. The impact of the vernacul…

Neo-Latin and the Visual Arts in Italy

(10,061 words)

Author(s): Gahtan, Maia Wellington
¶ When Horace wrote his famous simile, ‘ut pictura poesis’, he was not addressing the visual ar…

Neo-Latin Drama

(7,257 words)

Author(s): Bloemendal, Jan
Introduction ¶ In Italy…

Neo-Latin Erotic and Pornographic Literature (c. 1400–c. 1700)

(9,031 words)

Author(s): Enenkel, Karl A. E.
¶ What one regards as ‘erotic’ and ‘pornographic’ depends on cultural, social, religious, and intellectual discourses, and those of the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries certainly differ from those of the modern Western world of the nineteenth, twentiest and twenty-first centuries. ‘Pornography’ is a modern notion; from the nineteenth century until the 1970s, the term was mostly used in a depreciative sense to refer to representations of sexual activities that were considered obscene, viz. socially/culturally unacceptable. Since the 1970s, Western culture has become more tolerant regarding sexual matters. Pornography became part of visual mass culture (photography, film, video, Internet), and since then it has been only marginally connected with literature. Late twentieth- and early twenty-first-century ‘pornography’ is characterized by mass media, massive offerings, general availability, and economic exploitation; with regard to its content, it is characterized by unmistakably explicit visual representations of sexual organs and activities shown in a seemingly unlimited variety of sexual practices, preferences, inclinations, forms, and techni…

Neo-Latin ‘Essays’: An Absent Genre that is Omnipresent

(7,602 words)

Author(s): Papy, Jan
¶ Authors such as Montaigne, Francis Bacon, Voltaire, and Oscar Wilde are notorious for having made sharp observations in a typically concise style. The literary genre they considered most suitable for…

Neo-Latin Fiction

(8,555 words)

Author(s): Morrish, Jennifer
¶ The subject of this article is the Neo-Latin novel, a genre whose texts are far less well-known today than either their contents or their literary achievement merit. Such was not the case in the long…

Neo-Latin Forgeries

(2,304 words)

Author(s): Olds, Katrina B.
¶ It might seem counterintuitive to assert that the height of neo-Latin scholarship in the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries was also a golden age of historical forgeries. After all, this was the…

Neo-Latin Grammars—Guarino da Verona’s Regulae grammaticales

(1,078 words)

Author(s): Pade, Marianne
¶ Guarino (1374–1460) composed his Latin textbook, the Regulae grammaticales ( Rules of Grammar), around 1418, but he may well have revised the work later, in the light of experiences collected during his long teaching career.1 It was …

Neo-Latin in North America

(11,043 words)

Author(s): Blair, Ann M.
¶ I am grateful to many scholars for their generous help: Kevin Chang, Anthony Grafton, Jaap Jacobs, Thomas Keeline, Donna LaRue, Stuart McManus, John Pollack, Mich…

Neo-Latin Journals

(575 words)

Author(s): Verbeke, Demmy
¶ Only two journals are explicitly and exclusively devoted to Neo-Latin studies. The first is Humanistica Lovaniensia (HL), which was originally founded as a series of monographs concerning Renaissance humanism in th…

Neo-Latin Literary Genres and the Classical Tradition: Adaptation and Inventions

(3,670 words)

Author(s): Bloemendal, Jan
¶ Much of Neo-Latin bonae litterae is oriented towards classical literature. In the various genres, as they are traditionally called, this literary production looked back to Latin—and to a lesser extent Gr…

Neo-Latin Literature—Bohemia

(2,189 words)

Author(s): Juríková, Erika
¶ The Latin language was used by Bohemian cosmopolitan authors until the early nineteenth century. Many Bohemian scholars studied and worked in academic positions at prestigious European universities, …
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