Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World

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Subject: History

Edited by: Philip Ford (†), Jan Bloemendal and Charles Fantazzi

With its striking range and penetrating depth, Brill’s Encyclopaedia of the Neo-Latin World traces the enduring history and wide-ranging cultural influence of Neo-Latin, the form of Latin that originated in the Italian Renaissance and persists to the modern era. Featuring original contributions by a host of distinguished international scholars, this comprehensive reference work explores every aspect of the civilized world from literature and law to philosophy and the sciences.


Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Seventeenth and Later Centuries: Literature

(1,923 words)

Author(s): De Smet, Ingrid A. R.
¶ In sixteenth-century France, the position of Latin was prejudiced ever since the Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts (1539) had prescribed the use of French instead of Latin in official state documents. I…

Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Sixteenth Century: Contexts

(1,294 words)

Author(s): Balserak, Jon
¶ Monumental achievements distinguished the sixteenth century as enormously important in the history of European literature, and this was particularly true of French literature. Although giants such as…

Neo-Latin Literature—France: The Sixteenth Century: Literature

(1,782 words)

Author(s): Ferrand, Mathieu
¶ The Latin literature of the French Renaissance stands out for its great diversity of inspiration and form; it enriched, in many respects, the vernacular literature with which it maintained continuous…

Neo-Latin Literature—Hungary: The Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries

(1,742 words)

Author(s): Rees, Valery
¶ Neo-Latin writing in Hungary can be said to appear soon after the very first introduction of humanist thought, in the middle of the fifteenth century, rather earlier than in other countries outside o…

Neo-Latin Literature—Hungary: The Seventeenth Century and Beyond

(1,495 words)

Author(s): Rees, Valery
¶ In the kingdom of Hungary, Latin continued to be the dominant language in education from the seventeenth century through to the nineteenth, even while literature was developing in the vernacular. Its…

Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: Fascism (1922–1943)

(3,146 words)

Author(s): Lamers, Han | Reitz-Joosse, Bettina L. | Sacré, Dirk
¶ ‘Much of what was the immortal spirit of Rome is reborn in fascism: the lictor is Roman, our organisation of combat is Roman, our pride and our courage are Roman: Civis Romanus sum.’1 Just months before his seizure of power, Benito…

Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Age of Petrarch

(1,249 words)

Author(s): Kallendorf, Craig
¶ That medieval Latin is followed by Neo-Latin is clear; what is less clear is when the transition from the former to the latter took place. The simple answer is, with Francesco Petrarca, or Petrarch (…

Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Cinquecento

(1,818 words)

Author(s): Fantazzi, Charles
¶ Latin letters continued to flourish throughout the Cinquecento in Italy, although at the time there was also an increase of literature written in the vernacular, due to its legitimation by Bembo in his Prose della volgar lingua (1525).…

Neo-Latin Literature—Italy: The Quattrocento

(1,223 words)

Author(s): Kallendorf, Craig
¶ At the beginning of the Quattrocento, Neo-Latin literature in Italy was centred in Florence, where the aging chancellor, Coluccio Salutati, preserved the Christian humanism of Petrarch. While importa…

Neo-Latin Literature—Poland

(2,053 words)

Author(s): Urbański, Piotr
¶ In the first half of the sixteenth century in Poland (and in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Regnum Poloniae Magnusque Ducatus Lithuaniae after 1569), approximately 320 books were published in Latin and only 100 in…

Neo-Latin Literature—Portugal

(1,609 words)

Author(s): da Cunha Lima, Ricardo
¶ The fifteenth and sixteenth centuries represent the heyday of Portugal in the European geopolitical setting. One of the first regions of the continent to be organised as a nation state, Portugal led …

Neo-Latin Literature—Slovakia

(1,881 words)

Author(s): Juríková, Erika
¶ The mediaeval period in the Hungarian Kingdom, which included the territory of present-day Slovakia, finally ended with the disastrous defeat of the Hungarian army at Mohács in 1526. The Hungarian ar…

Neo-Latin Literature—Spain: The Long Sixteenth Century

(1,378 words)

Author(s): Coroleu, Alejandro
¶ Like the rest of European, teachers and professors in Spain wrote much on Latin grammar, rhetoric, and eloquence. Of these figures, perhaps the most famous is Antonio de Nebrija (1444–1522), who taug…

Neo-Latin Literature—Spain: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

(1,354 words)

Author(s): Coroleu, Alejandro
¶ Since the first half of the sixteenth century Latin was invaluable to the ruling circles of the Spanish monarchy, as it was employed to frame the image of the Empire during the period of expansion an…

Neo-Latin Literature—The Balkans (Croatia)

(1,614 words)

Author(s): Stepanić, Gorana
¶ During the early modern Period, Latin learning and Neo-Latin literature in the Balkans were limited to its Catholic regions and, to a much lesser extent, to centres of Protestantism (mostly present-d…

Neo-Latin Literature—The British Isles: Later Centuries

(1,297 words)

Author(s): Porter, David A.
¶ The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries boast some of the finest works of Neo-Latin literature from the British Isles. In England, the two universities, Oxford and Cambridge, as well as the great pu…

Neo-Latin Literature—The British Isles: The Long Sixteenth Century

(1,377 words)

Author(s): Porter, David A.
¶ Although fifteenth-century humanism exerted an influence on some Englishmen, such as Thomas Chaundler (1418–1490), who did much to promote an interest in humanistic Latinity in Oxford during the 1460…

Neo-Latin Literature—The German Regions

(2,081 words)

Author(s): Thurn, Nikolaus
¶ When Christian Klotz published his Carmina omnia in Latin in 1762 and 1766, the critics were not vicious, but they complained that he had written in a ‘tote Sprache’ (dead language). Adelbert von Chamisso …

Neo-Latin Literature—The Low Countries

(1,432 words)

Author(s): Deneire, Tom
¶ The term ‘Low Countries’ represents several regions rather than one homogeneous country, which include current Belgium, The Netherlands, Luxemburg, and parts of Northern France and Western Germany. T…

Neo-Latin Literature—The Nordic Countries

(1,985 words)

Author(s): Jensen, Minna Skafte
¶ The Sixteenth Century In the Nordic countries, the period c. 1500–1800 was characterised by competition for supremacy, often in the form of open war, between the two dominating powers, Denmark with Norway and…
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