Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

General Editor: Georgios K. Giannakis
Associate Editors: Vit Bubenik, Emilio Crespo, Chris Golston, Alexandra Lianeri, Silvia Luraghi, Stephanos Matthaios

The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature.

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Zoonyms (Names of Mammals)

(979 words)

Author(s): Václav Blažek
Abstract Greek zoonyms can be classified according to both zoological key terms and origin: thus they reflect Indo-European heritage, internal formation, cultural loans (Semitic/Egyptian/Berber), unknown (substratal?) origin. Mycenaean parallels ought to be quoted too, including derivatives and proper names. In the rich Greek zoological terminology two general terms are used: zôion ‘living being, animal’, from the verb zṓō ‘to live’ ( *g u̯i̯eh₃-), and thḗr ( Il.), Aeol. phḗr ‘wild animal’ ( *ĝʰ u̯eh₁r-), perhaps attested in Myc. qe-ra-jo /Kʰwēraios/, possibly connected w…
Date: 2013-11-01