Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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East Africa

(4,649 words)

Author(s): Abdul Aziz Y. Lodhi
1. Introduction …


(191 words)

Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online Edition Managing Editors Lutz Edzard ( Oslo) and Rudolf de Jong ( Amsterdam) Associate Editors Ramzi Baalbaki ( Beirut), James Dickins ( Salford), Mushira Eid ( Utah), Pierre Larcher ( Aix-en-Provence), Janet Watson ( Salford) Advisory Board Benmamoun Elabbas ( Urbana), Clive Holes ( Oxford), Alaa Elgibali ( Cairo), Paul Kiparsky ( Stanford), Jérôme Lentin ( Paris), Jamal Ouhalla ( Dublin), Jan Retsö ( Göteborg), Sabah Safi ( Jeddah), Kees Versteegh ( Nijmegen), Enam al-Wer ( Colchester), Manfred Woidich ( Amsterdam) and Andrej Zaborski ( Cracow) Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (vols. 1 – 5) General Editor Kees Versteegh (University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands) Associate Editors Mushira Ei…

E (Eagly, Alice H. - Esseesy, Mohssen)

(2,228 words)

Eagly, Alice H. Language Attitudes, Language Attitudes East Africa Creole Arabic, Dialects: Genesis, East Africa, Gulf States East African coast Malagasy

E (Estefi - Ezzat, Ali)

(632 words)

Estefi China estimative Modern Standard Arabic ethical dative Bināʾ Ethiopia Afro-Asiatic Languages, Ethiopia, Hausa, Lingua Franca, Lingua Franca, Multilingualism, Toponyms Ethiopian languages Diminutive, Ethiopia, Ethiopia, History of Arabic, Khartoum Arabic, Northwest A…


(7,930 words)

Author(s): David Wilmsen
1. General linguistic situation 1.1 Languages spoken in Egypt Apart from Arabic, some Afro-Asiatic languages are spoken in Egypt, viz. Berber in the oasis of Siwa, Bedja (Bišāri) in the Eastern Desert to the south of the Aswān – Berenike line, as well as in Darāw and in the išŠēx Harūn quarter of Aswān. Reliable numbers of speakers of these languages are difficult to obtain. Bišāri speakers are estimated at about 15,000 (http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=SD) in Egypt and Sudan; and Sīwi ( tasiwīt) at between 6,000 (Bliss 1998:37), 10,000 (Miller 1996:420), and…