Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Jargon

(3,083 words)

Author(s): Elizabeth M. Bergman
1. Definition and name ‘Jargon’ may be broadly defined as “the modifications that a socioprofessional group brings to the national language (especially in vocabulary and pronunciation)” (Ducrot and Todorov 1979:59). These modifications appear to arise from the particular or specific nature of the topic, the need for group members not to be understood by others, or the wish to identify the group as somehow different (Ducrot and Todorov 1979:59). Jargon thus includes technical terminology and speciali…

Javanese

(2,326 words)

Author(s): Rochayah Machali
1. Introduction Javanese is a member of the Austronesian family of languages, which includes the languages of the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Madagascar, and the Pacific. It is spoken on the island of Java, but not all who live on Java speak the language. It is spoken only in Central and East Java, with the Central Javanese variety being considered the standard. The Javanese constitu…

Jazāʾ

(2,421 words)

Author(s): Kinga Dévényi
1. Conditional structures in Classical and Modern Standard Arabic…