Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics

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Subject: Language and Linguistics

Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard and Rudolf de Jong

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches in order to be as objective and versatile as possible. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online is cross-searchable and cross-referenced, and is equipped with a browsable index. All relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific are covered and the Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics Online includes topics from interdisciplinary fields, such as anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and computer science.

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Xabar

(2,567 words)

Author(s): Yishai Peled
1. The grammarians' usage of the term xabar The term xabar, like many other medieval grammatical terms, developed out of the literal meaning of the word, which is ‘message’, ‘story’, etc. The verb ʾaxbara means ‘to relate something (new) about something’. Right from the early stages of the medieval Arab grammatical tradition, the term xabar and its derivatives have been used in the sense of ‘ predicate’, cutting across the two sentence types jumla ismiyya and jumla fiʿliyya. One often finds the grammarians using xabar in the sense of ‘predicate’, whether to a mubtadaʾ (ibtidāʾ) or to a …

Xafḍ

(6 words)

Author(s): not-specified
Not Specified

X-Bar Syntax

(5,405 words)

Author(s): Mark S. LeTourneau
1. Introduction: The X-bar schema Early generative grammar, from the late 1950s to the late 1960s, factored grammatical descriptions into two main components: the base component, consisting of (the lexicon and) phrase-structure rules, and the transformational component. X-bar syntax is the designation for a theory of phrase structure that originated in the context of an intramural debate within the generativist camp in the late 1960s concerning the proper way to characterize relationships among expressions like (1a,b,c). (1) a. John proved the theorem b. John's proving of the …