Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Subject: Asian Studies

Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese

Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online is based on the originally a thousand-page reference work on China with a clear focus on the modern period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 21st century. Written by the world’s top scholars, Brill’s Encyclopedia of China is the first place to look for reliable information on the history, geography, society, economy, politics, science, and culture of China.

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Underground Literature

(1,412 words)

Author(s): van Crevel, Maghiel
The underground has its raison d'être in the establishment it undermines. Not all types of establishment culture engender countercurrents, but any underground culture presupposes clear dominance by an establishment. No matter what scope is assigned to underground literature, in modern Chinese history the concept is therefore of particular relevance in …

United States of America

(3,528 words)

Author(s): Jackson, Steven F.
Relations between China and the United States of America have been a central part of each country's foreign relations since the turn of the 20th century. For China, relations with the US rank …

Universal History (Chinese perspective)

(1,770 words)

Author(s): Mittag, Achim
Traditional Chinese historiography (historiography, pre-modern ) was not unf…