Brill’s Encyclopedia of China

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Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online is based on the originally a thousand-page reference work on China with a clear focus on the modern period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 21st century. Written by the world’s top scholars, Brill’s Encyclopedia of China is the first place to look for reliable information on the history, geography, society, economy, politics, science, and culture of China.

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Vocational Education

(1,794 words)

Author(s): Henze, Jürgen
Art. 14 of the 1996 Vocational Education Law defines vocational education ( zhiye jiaoyu ) as the entirety of measures aimed at "job-preparation training, vocational re-training, apprentice training, and extended vocational training of employees (on-the-job training)." In China a differentiated system of professional and work-related competence-based education such as this has only been developed as the result of intensive debates about the technical superiority of the "West" since the mid-19th century. Early…