Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

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Subject: Religious Studies

Editors: Erwin Fahlbusch, Jan Milič Lochman, John Mbiti, Jaroslav Pelikan and Lukas Vischer

The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online describes modern-day Christian beliefs and communities in the context of 2000 years of apostolic tradition and Christian history. Based on the third, revised edition of the critically acclaimed German work Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon. The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online includes all 5 volumes of the print edition of 1999-2008 which has become a standard reference work for the study of Christianity past and present. Comprehensive, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and socio-cultural picture in which the Christianity finds itself.

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Q

(784 words)

Author(s): Hoffmann, Paul | Heen, Eric M.
1. Investigation of the Synoptic gospels in the 18th and 19th centuries produced a two-source theory according to which Matthew and Luke used not only Mark but also a collection of materials largely made up of sayings of Jesus. For want of a better title, this collection has come to be called “Q,” after Ger. Quelle, “source.” Synoptic comparison has made possible a hypothetical reconstruction of the wording and sequence of this nonextant collection. It is theorized that originally isolated sayings were grouped by themes in Q. The sequence of sayings, which we cannot localize in…

Qatar

(735 words)

Author(s): Koszinowski, Thomas | Editors, the
1. General Situation The State of Qatar lies along the peninsula of the same name on the east coast of the Arabian Peninsula. East Arab Bedouin tribes began to settle there in the 18th century. Among them the Al Thani family played a leading role from the end of the 19th century. In 1872 the territory came under Ottoman rule with a Turkish garrison in Doha, the capital. When the Turks left at the beginning of World War I, Qatar became a British protectorate. By a treaty concluded in 1916, Britain took over responsibility for its defense and foreign policy (Colonialism). 1.1. Britain left the gulf in 1970, and Qatar achieved full independence in September 1971. By the provisional constitution of 1970 the emir is the executive, ruling through a cabinet that he appoints, which is made up mostly of members of the ruling family. An advisory council of 35 members nominated by the emir has had legislative power. Succession rests with the Al Thani family. The present ruler, Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, ousted his father, Emir Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, in a bloodless coup in 1995. In municipal elections…