Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

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Subject: Religious Studies

Editors: Erwin Fahlbusch, Jan Milič Lochman, John Mbiti, Jaroslav Pelikan and Lukas Vischer

The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online describes modern-day Christian beliefs and communities in the context of 2000 years of apostolic tradition and Christian history. Based on the third, revised edition of the critically acclaimed German work Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon. The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online includes all 5 volumes of the print edition of 1999-2008 which has become a standard reference work for the study of Christianity past and present. Comprehensive, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and socio-cultural picture in which the Christianity finds itself.

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Ubiquity

(692 words)

Author(s): Slenczka, Notger
1. In the context of Christian theology, ubiquity, or the teaching that God is everywhere (Lat. ubique), is related to the distinction between God and the world (i.e., God’s transcendence). The omnipresence of God shows clearly that the divine transcendence (Immanence and Transcendence) does not mean that the Creator is alongside the creature but involves the direct permeation of every creature by the Creator, who has given it its being and maintains it in being ( conservatio; Creation). Pantheism, which stresses the unity of God with the world, does at least resist the…

Uganda

(2,980 words)

Author(s): Byaruhanga-Akiiki, A. B. T.
1. General Situation 1.1. The Republic of Uganda lies on the equator on an elevated plateau between the eastern and western branches of the Great Rift Valley, with mountains soaring to 5,119 m. (16,795 ft.) toward its southwest border. It is landlocked and shares borders with Kenya on the east, Democratic Republic of Congo on the west, Sudan on the north, and Tanzania and Rwanda on the south. Nearly one-sixth of its territory is covered with water. Uganda has many rivers and streams, as well as ten lakes, including Lake Victoria…

Ugarit

(516 words)

Author(s): Herrmann, Wolfram
Excavations from 1929 at Ras Shamra, 12 km. (8 mi.) north of Latakia on the coast of Syria, have brought to light the existence of the city-state of Ugarit. Ugarit was the center of a thriving economy. People lived there from the seventh millennium b.c. (Prepottery Neolithic), but the urban culture dates from the Bronze Age. In the 12th century b.c. various factors combined to overthrow it. The discovery of the Ras Shamra clay tablets was epoch making, for they were in a form of writing that was totally unfamiliar before 1929. The monuments derive from the 15th to the 13th centuries b.c. Besides…