Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

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Subject: Religious Studies

Editors: Erwin Fahlbusch, Jan Milič Lochman, John Mbiti, Jaroslav Pelikan and Lukas Vischer

The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online describes modern-day Christian beliefs and communities in the context of 2000 years of apostolic tradition and Christian history. Based on the third, revised edition of the critically acclaimed German work Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon. The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online includes all 5 volumes of the print edition of 1999-2008 which has become a standard reference work for the study of Christianity past and present. Comprehensive, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and socio-cultural picture in which the Christianity finds itself.

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Yahweh

(694 words)

Author(s): Preuss, Horst Dietrich
The divine name “YHWH” occurs over 6,800 times in the OT either alone or in combination (e.g., “house of Yahweh” or “word of Yahweh”). That it was pronounced “Yahweh” is shown by Greek transcriptions. It came to be regarded as unspeakably holy, and so to avoid use of the name it was furnished with the vowels of ʾădônāi, “my Lord, my lords” (cf. LXX kyrios), which led to the mixed form “Jehovah.” It had already ceased to be used much in the later OT, not occurring at all in Ecclesiastes, Esther, or Song of Solomon (a short form in 8:6?). We also do not find it in Job 3–27 (12:9 being a scribal error), a…

Yemen

(1,080 words)

Author(s): Power, Bernard J.
Located in the southwest part of the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen is unique among its Arab near neighbors in geography, climate, and poverty. A backbone of mountain ranges in the western highlands runs from north to south, including Jebel an-Nabi Shuʾayb (3,760 m. / 12,336 ft.), the highest peak on the peninsula. The cooler temperatures allow extensive agriculture, which earned Yemen the accolade “Arabia Felix” (happy Arabia) from the ancient Romans. Other landforms include the coastal plains of the Tihama, the eastern highlands of the Hadram…

Yezidis

(795 words)

Author(s): Colpe, Carsten
1. History The Yezidis are a religious community in the Syrian district of Simʿān and across to Ossetia. Though not unlike Iraqi Arabs, their Kurdish dialect (Kurds) and distinctive tradition make them a distinct ethnic group. Around 1900 they numbered up to 300,000, but after World War I only 100,000 and by 1983 only around 20,000. In 2005 estimates of the number of Yezidis worldwide ranged up to several times this reduced figure, mainly in Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and Armenia, with a sizable group in Germany as guest workers. Yezidis call themselves Dāsin (pl. Dawāsin; Syr. Dasnīyē), after a…