Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture Online

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Subject: Jewish Studies

Editor-in-Chief: Dan Diner

From Europe to America to the Middle East, North Africa and other non-European Jewish settlement areas the Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture covers the recent history of the Jews from 1750 until the 1950s.

More informatiom: Brill.com


(4,351 words)

Author(s): Harvey, Steven
The term  falsafah (pl.  falāsifah), derived from the Greek  philosophia, designates philosophy in Arabic. Medieval Jews usually translated the term into Hebrew as  filosofya, by which, corresponding to Greek etymology, they understood the love of wisdom ( ahavat ḥokhma). In a broader sense, Islamic  falsafah includes all schools of philosophy; in a more narrow sense it stands for the school founded by al-Fārābī (Alpharabius, ca. 870–950). It focused on the systematic study of the sciences on the…
Date: 2018-04-13


(2,490 words)

Author(s): Tsimhoni, Daphne
Farhūd (Arab.; “destruction of order”, “robbery”) is the name for the pogrom committed at the beginning of June 1941 by Muslim attackers against the Jews of Baghdad. The  farhūd, inspired by Nazi propaganda, was the first and only anti-Jewish pogrom in modern Iraq and marked a break in Jewish-Muslim relations in that country. After the 
Date: 2018-04-13

February Revolution

(1,602 words)

Author(s): Levin, Vladimir
Events in Petrograd between February 23 and March 4, 1917 (March 8-17 according to the Gregorian calendar), which led to the fall of the Romanovs and to the complete emancipation of the Jews. The democracy introduced in Fe…
Date: 2018-04-13

Female Hebrew Benevolent Society

(2,108 words)

Author(s): Ashton, Dianne C.
A Jewish charitable institution founded in 1819 in Philadelphia, which initially provided destitute women with food, clothing, and other essentials. The founder and long-time leader of the institution, Rebecca Gratz (1781–1869) had become aware that Christian charitable associations were carrying out m…
Date: 2018-04-13

Fettmilch Uprising

(1,448 words)

Author(s): Friedrichs, Christopher R.
An uprising, lasting from 1612 to 1614, of townspeople in Frankfurt am Main, which was directed against both the reigning patriciate and against the Jewish inhabitants of the city. The Fettmilch Uprising, which in September 1614 transformed into violence against the Frankfurt Jews and led to their temporary expulsion, is one of the best-known cases of anti-Jewish disturbances in …
Date: 2018-04-13


(2,470 words)

The designation both for a journalistic genre, and for a type of text situated on the border between literature and journalism, which as a “minor prose form” is characterized by multiple stylistic variations in structure. From a Jewish perspective, the feuilleton, as a medium of cultural exchange, is a prominent locus for the politicization and popularization of Jewish themes. This is illustrated especially by the work of Ludwig Börne. The feuilleton – together with “…
Date: 2018-04-13