Sacramentum Mundi Online

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Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

For more information: Brill.com

Jansenism

(2,273 words)

Author(s): Konrad Hecker
Jansenism, a movement within the Catholic Church of the 17th and 18th centuries, especially in France and the Netherlands, represents one effort to solve the problem with which all Christian life is faced — that of reconciling the fundamental antagonisms inherent in Christianity. There is the acceptance of the world which has as its counterpart a condemnation of the world, and there is the necessity of working out one’s salvation responsibly while always knowing it to be a freely bestowed gift, …

Jesus Christ - Biblical

(7,601 words)

Author(s): Ingrid Maisch | Anton Vögtle
Part of Jesus Christ: 1. Biblical 2. Quest of the Historical Jesus 3. Christology 4. History of Dogma and Theology The following may be listed as assured findings of scholarship: a) No doubt is cast on the historical existence of Jesus by any serious scholar. Now that the debates raised by Bauer and Drews about Christ being a myth have died away, there is wide agreement about the historical fact of Jesus. b) The old-style attempt to construct “Lives of Jesus” has failed; even recent books of this kind (e.g., Stauff…

Jesus Christ - Christology

(5,254 words)

Author(s): Alois Grillmeier
Part of Jesus Christ: 1. Biblical 2. Quest of the Historical Jesus 3. Christology 4. History of Dogma and Theology A. Historical Survey 1. Early Christianity. Though it is true that the Christian community broke out of Judaism by professing that Jesus is the Christ, that Jesus Christ is the Lord (Rom 10:9; Phil 2:11), and though it is also proper to say in this sense (but only in this sense) that the original profession is a “purely Christological formulation” (O. Cullmann), this profession of faith is nevertheless mean…

Jesus Christ - History of Dogma and Theology

(13,293 words)

Author(s): Karl Rahner
Part of Jesus Christ: 1. Biblical 2. Quest of the Historical Jesus 3. Christology 4. History of Dogma and Theology A. Jesus Christ in Classical Fundamental Theology 1. Fundamental theology traditionally considered Jesus as legatus divinus, i.e., as one of many bearers of revelation who confirm their message by miracles and are therefore worthy of credence. The miracles of Jesus were invoked in the same way. Among these miracles added extraneously to the prophetic message, the miracle of his resurrection was certainly given partic…

Jesus Christ - Quest of the Historical Jesus

(1,831 words)

Author(s): Rudolf Pesch
Part of Jesus Christ: 1. Biblical 2. Quest of the Historical Jesus 3. Christology 4. History of Dogma and Theology Historical investigation of the life of Jesus is inspired by the desire to establish a critically reliable picture of Jesus. From the time of the Synoptics and John’s Gospel onward there have been portraits of Jesus coloured by the spirit of their age and the theological perspective of their authors. The scientific quest for the historical Jesus is, however, a phenomenon of modern times. It has develop…