Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

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(2,216 words)

Author(s): Kurt Krenn
1. By Kantianism we understand all philosophical systems dependent on the transcendental philosophy of Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Kant’s philosophical development is generally divided into two periods. In the pre-critical period (1755-81), Kant remained on the traditional ground of the metaphysics of Leibniz and Wolff. But his dissertation of 1770 already contained elements which anticipated the structures of his Critique of Pure Reason (first published 1781, and then in a revised edition in 1787). Kant also expressed doubts as to the validity of metaphysica specialis in his polemical Träume eines Geistersehers (“Dreams of a man who sees ghosts”). The second period, that of his critiques, begins with the publication of the first in 1781. In the philosophy of the late Middle Ages a cleavage had been made between sensible experience and thought by which the problem of human …


(2,280 words)

Author(s): Eberhard Simons
1. Concept. The Greek term ϰηρύσσω was adopted by the NT writers (mostly in the form of the noun ϰήρυγμα) and used to signify in a specifically biblical way a central reality of Christianity. It can indeed be regarded as one of the key concepts for the description of revelation. Neither the ОТ (where the most frequent corresponding term was קּדא) nor the NT explain the term explicitly, but the usage is clear enough. The word, as a substantive, denotes both the act and the message, and ranges in meaning from “address” and “call out” to “summons”; in English the word is either transliterated or rendered as “preaching”, though for this latter, which has in general the implication of a doctrinal and moral exposition, the word “proclamation” is often used. 2. Scripture. In a remarkable departure from the ordinary approach to reality and from the traditions of classical philosophy, the NT writers are profoundly inspired by the conviction that “salvation” is essentially linked with the “word”. And there the “word” is not just information about a salvation which might be in itself and in its manifestations “wordless”. Salvation is unde…