Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

For more information: Brill.com

Irrationalism

(1,045 words)

Author(s): Klaus Riesenhuber
Irrationalism is the doctrine which holds that reality, in whole or in part, is not amenable to the conceptual thought of the intellect, or to reason or the spirit in general. Reality is said to be wholly incomprehensible or basically attainable only by acts independent of the intellect, such as feeling, experience, intuition, love, sympathy, attunement, faith, instinct or action. 1. The main forms of irrationalism. (i) The irrationalism which derives from nominalism and empiricism holds that it is impossible to have rational knowledge of the essence and meta…

Islam

(4,631 words)

Author(s): Felix M. Pareja
A. History and Spiritual Foundations Islam is the name which Moslems give their religion (a combination of Arabian, Jewish, Gnostic and Christian elements), the political and social order connected with it and indeed the whole Islamic culture. Since they attribute their religion to Allah, and regard Mohammed only as his instrument, they reject the term Mohammedan which became current in Europe. The Arabic word Islam means total surrender to the will of Allah, who is the same God (though envisaged to some extent in the light of Oriental despotism) as the God …