Sacramentum Mundi Online

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Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

For more information: Brill.com

Order - Concept of Order

(1,527 words)

Author(s): Albert Keller
Part of Order: 1. Concept of Order 2. Order of Creation 3. Supernatural Order 4. End of Man 1. Meaning. Order is a unity of many elements systematically referred to each other. These must be different from one another but they must be in a possible relation to each other and in a real order also existent (Thomas Aquinas, De Potentia, q. 7, a. 11, c.). The unity need not be rounded off, but may be open — as in the series of natural numbers. The rule which determines how the elements follow or proceed from each other in a dynamic order is called for prefer…

Order - End of Man

(4,032 words)

Author(s): Karl Rahner
Part of Order: 1. Concept of Order 2. Order of Creation 3. Supernatural Order 4. End of Man 1. Introductory: the notion of “end”. a) Man first learns what an “end” can be from his own immediate internal experience. He strives for a certain good (value) which he has before his mind and which he wills to attain. He chooses appropriate means — possibly by co-ordinating a number of parts into an instrument or machine; — and sets them in motion towards the end in view. He sets himself an “end”, consciously and deliberately chosen, and realizes it. b) He then recognizes in the course of reflection…

Order - Order of Creation

(426 words)

Author(s): Pieter Smulders
Part of Order: 1. Concept of Order 2. Order of Creation 3. Supernatural Order 4. End of Man This highly controversial term is used in modern Reformed theology to designate a number of social relationships such as marriage and family, people, State and economy (also the Church, according to Bonhoeffer) where everyone finds himself, including the Christian, prior to and independently of his being a Christian, so to speak, and where he is subject to the commandments which God gave as creator and to which he obliges …

Orders and Ordination - Conclusion

(1,364 words)

Author(s): Piet Fransen
Part of Orders and Ordination: 1. Institution 2. The Ministry in the Theological Reflection of the Church 3. Theological Synthesis 4. Conclusion In conclusion, we may mention the main pastoral problems which arise at the present day with regard to the priesthood and its future in the Church. What will be the image of the priest? As E. Schillebeeckx says, we do not contemplate the future, we fashion it. Right practice in a sincere fellowship of faith is the best guarantee of future orthodoxy. Hence it is the task of all of us, together, to construct the future image of the priest. Secondly, it is…

Orders and Ordination - Institution

(3,991 words)

Author(s): Piet Fransen
Part of Orders and Ordination: 1. Institution 2. The Ministry in the Theological Reflection of the Church 3. Theological Synthesis 4. Conclusion A. Problems of Terminology The various changes, which the terms used for orders underwent, could suggest a number of changes in emphasis or even in theological intention. But the data must be interpreted cautiously, bearing in mind the remote and immediate context, both in the text in question and in the minds of the authors who prefer one set of terms to another. During the ear…

Orders and Ordination - The Ministry in the Theological Reflection of the Church

(10,443 words)

Author(s): Piet Fransen
Part of Orders and Ordination: 1. Institution 2. The Ministry in the Theological Reflection of the Church 3. Theological Synthesis 4. Conclusion A. The Apostolate The re-thinking of the original fact of the T welve as envoys of Christ in terms of the new notion of “apostle” is probably due to Paul and Luke. In the strict sense of the term, an apostle is a witness of the life and death of Christ, by virtue of the gift of the Spirit, by which he receives a universal mission (Acts 1:21 f.). This unique role is extended to …

Orders and Ordination - Theological Synthesis

(5,469 words)

Author(s): Piet Fransen
Part of Orders and Ordination: 1. Institution 2. The Ministry in the Theological Reflection of the Church 3. Theological Synthesis 4. Conclusion A. Questions of Method 1. Terminologi. Many technical terms of theology, especially in the matter of orders, are being called in question at the present day. We shall therefore try to discuss the realities in question, avoiding as far as possible the technical terms whose scope and meaning are debatable and debated. We omit therefore the triple division of the priestly mission as the power of order (the priestly power of sanc…

Order - Supernatural Order

(2,505 words)

Author(s): Karl Rahner
Part of Order: 1. Concept of Order 2. Order of Creation 3. Supernatural Order 4. End of Man 1. “Order” may be understood to denote an interrelated system of distinct realities differing from one another in various ways, in which interrelation the individuals achieve the fulfilment proper to them (to their “essence”), mutually contribute through their interdependence to this fulfilment of their nature, and so form a meaningful whole. The problem of order is therefore ultimately that of unity in multiplicity and mu…

Origenism

(993 words)

Author(s): Henri Crouzel
The term “Origenism” designates, not the complete doctrine of Origen which, through the Fathers of the 4th century, has become the common possession of the Church, but rather a current of thought arising out of certain speculations of the Peri Archon which, taken out of their context and stripped of their hypothetical and antithetical character, were systematized from the 4th to the 6th century. Its characteristics are:(i) Trinitarian subordinationism which implies a certain inferiority of the Son in relation to the Father, and of the…

Original Sin

(5,072 words)

Author(s): Karl Rahner
1. Introduction. a) The fundamental Christian doctrine of original sin meets with a threefold misunderstanding today. (i) It is felt to be in contradiction to that present-day conception of man in which he feels himself from the start, by his very nature and essence, to be good, sound and whole. Men regard the existing individual and social defects of man (sickness, crime, inner or social disharmonies) as merely secondary products of civilization and society or as progressively eliminable phenomena of friction …