Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Prax.vanissimi isti monarchianihypostaseis

1.  “Adoptionism” declaring Jesus a mere man, and

2.  “Modalism” teaching God the Father and Son (and Holy Spirit) to be identical.

The Monarchian controversies around the year 200 CE had two foci: Asia Minor as the area of origin of Monarchian concepts and Rome as the epicenter of debates among Monarchianism, Logos Christology, and the faith of noneducational Christians.Noëtus of SmyrnaIt might have been around the year 180 CE that Noëtus of Smyrna (likely a bishop) manifested his antithetical and paradoxical rule …

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Gerber, Simon, “Monarchianism”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 19 April 2019 <>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180827

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