Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Abrasax (Gk Ἀβρασάξ; the Latin fathers spell it Abraxas, probably due to confusion between σ, sigma, and ξ, xi) is a term that appears in a large and unequal quantity of material: the heresiologists’ works, three texts from the Nag Hammadi library, the Greek magical papyri (Papyri Graecae magicae), magical gems, and tabellae. The links among these various sources are widely debated and not yet clarified. The problem of this term and…

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Fallica, Maria, “Abrasax”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 19 April 2019 <>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180827

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