Baptism is a central rite of entrance into the Christian church, normally in the early centuries CE observed as an immersion in water accompanied by a confession of faith in Christ.
The application of water (by sprinkling, pouring, or dipping) for the purpose of ceremonial purity was common in ancient Mediterranean religions. Jewish practice according to rabbinic literature was a full bath, self-administered…
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Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte.
Consulted online on 19 April 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7993_eeco_SIM_00000375>