Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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The Borboriani are a libertine, Christian gnostic group, first mentioned by the late antique bishop Epiphanius of Salamis in his work Panarion (written 374–377 CE). The name Βορβοριανοί/Borborianoi derives from βορβορώδης/borborodes (i.e. “full of mud, dirty“), thus Borboriani can be translated as “filthy ones.” Epiphanius lists further names for different branches of these gnostics, whose origin he traces back to Nicolaos (Acts 6:5; Rev 2:6) and the Nicolaitans (Epiph. Haer. 25.2.1; 25.…

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Kingreen, Sarah M., “Borboriani”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 19 April 2019 <>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180827

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