Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Cyprus is one of the larger islands of the Mediterranean (9283 km2). In ancient times, the fertility and richness of its soil were noted by the classical authors (Stra. Geogr. 16.6.5; Am. 14.8.14). The name Kyprus is almost certainly derived from cuprum since bronze was exploited on the island from the most remote times.

It formed part of the ancient Mycenaean and Achaean civilizations. Between 449 and 411 BCE, the island was under the influence of the Phoenicians. Alexan…

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Arfuch, Diego E., “Cyprus”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 19 April 2019 <>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180827

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