Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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Since the 19th century, the Greek name hetoimasia (or etimasia), literally meaning “preparation,” has been traditionally employed by students of Christian art to describe the iconographic theme of an empty (“prepared”) throne, on or around which are displayed various attributes in different combinations, such as a cross, a mantle, a crown, a gospel book, a scroll sealed with seven seals, a dove, a lamb, and, in 11th-century contexts and later, the instrumen…

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Parani, Maria G., “Etimasia/Hetoimasia”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 19 April 2019 <>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180827

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