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John Arkaph
(1,232 words)

John Arkaph (fl. 330s CE) was the bishop of Memphis in early 4th-century CE Egypt and the successor of Melitius of Lycopolis as the head of the schismatic Melitian church. A shadowy and controversial figure, John is remembered primarily as a leading opponent of Athanasius of Alexandria in the years culminating in the latter’s condemnation at the Council of Tyre in 335 CE.

Nothing is known of John’s early life, and none of his own writings survive. The name John of Memphis is first attested in the Breviarium Melitii, the catalogue of Melitian clergy that Melitius submitted to Athana…

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Gwynn, David M. , “John Arkaph”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 23 April 2019 <>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180921

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