(9,669 words)

Bihar’s long and complex history is implied in its very name, which is derived from Sanskrit vihāra, or monastery, a name endowed by 13th-century Muslim invaders, who were impressed by all the Buddhist monasteries they came upon. Today the Buddhist heritage survives largely…

Cite this page
Carolyn Brown Heinz, “Bihar”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 23 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012

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