(4,840 words)

From an early period, aromatic substances prepared in a variety of ways have played important roles in many forms of Hindu worship. Even nowadays incense (dhūpa), perfumes of various sorts, and garlands (mālās) remain common offerings and adornments in pūjā rites. Certain materials, such as sandalwood, have long been considered precious or exotic commodities. Over the centuries, from around th…

Cite this page
James McHugh, “Smell”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 19 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012

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