Travel Regulations
(3,080 words)

From the 1880s, as education dispensed in Great Britain commanded for Indians access to new material resources in colonial India, as means for international transportation were modernized and social reforms shook their beliefs regarding pollution, urbanized Hindu elites started questioning the validity of the traditional ban on traveling outside India. Debating whether it justified exclusion from one’s caste, they found …

Cite this page
Catherine Clémentin-Ojha, “Travel Regulations”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 23 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012

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