(12,521 words)

This article attempts to trace the origins and the developments of five territorial Sikh groups living outside of Punjab, yet within the borders of the Republic of India. It examines how their extended stay and dialogue with the host society exposed them to a variety of experiences. The extent of their success in managing community identity is reflected in their redesigning of Sikhism to meet the requirements of their new hom…

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Himadri Banerjee, “India”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Gurinder Mann Singh, Kristina Myrvold, Eleanor Nesbitt. Consulted online on 17 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20170712

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