Brill’s New Pauly

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Pan
(1,096 words)

[German version]

(Πάν/Pán). Doric form of Arcadian Πάων/Páōn, probably derived etymologically via Αἰγίπαν/Aigípan from Mycenaean aiki-pata, which is related to Latin pastor ('shepherd'), pasci ('to graze') [1]; cf. also the ancient Indian god Pusan [15]. As the god of goatherds and shepherds, P.'s home is Arcadia [12] (Pind. fr. 95; hardly any evidence prior to 500 BC); as the twin brother of Arcas, he is a son of Zeus Lycaeus and Callisto (Epimenides fr. 16 DK); he has theriomorphic traits (the feet and head of a goat) but always walks upright (here the bronze sta…

Cite this page
Holzhausen, Jens (Bamberg), “Pan”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 March 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e905250>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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