Finland
(2,352 words)

Finland

This small country (1910: 2.94 million inhabitants) located at the northeastern periphery of Europe entered the First World War as an autonomous grand duchy within the Russian Empire, and emerged from it an independent republic and parliamentary democracy. The process was not foreseeable, and by no means straightforward. Apart from the final months of the civil war, the sea change in the country’s status was primarily the result of external events – October Revolution, Peace of Brest-Lito…

Cite this page
Wegner, Bernd, “Finland”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 29 April 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-3786_dlws1_beww1_en_0203>
First published online: 2015



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