Francs-Tireurs
(355 words)

Francs-Tireurs

Abbreviation for the French “francais-tireurs,” meaning French snipers. First coined in 1792 during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871, francs-tireurs was used to indicate members of the volunteer French units, formed in October 1870, which officially constituted the foundation of the new Republican Army in the revolutionary tradition of the leveé en masse. From the point of view of the Germans, the francs-tireurs were illegal because they failed to wear complete uniforms. Accordingly, when captured they were normally executed, a…

Cite this page
Kramer, Alan, “Francs-Tireurs”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 30 May 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-3786_dlws1_beww1_en_0213>
First published online: 2015



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