Kemal Pasha, Mustafa
(630 words)

Kemal Pasha, Mustafa

(March 12, 1881, Salonica [Thessalonika] – November 10, 1938, Istanbul; from 1934 Atatürk), Ottoman general and Turkish politician (state president). After completing training at the Military Academy (Harbiye Harp Okulu) in 1902, Kemal Pasha was active as a young officer in the resistance against the regime of Sultan Abdul Hamid II. In 1905 he founded a secret military society that later amalgamated with the self-styled patriotic movement of the Young Turks under Enver Pasha. In 1908/1909, he took part in …

Cite this page
Hebestreit, Oliver, “Kemal Pasha, Mustafa”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 27 March 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-3786_dlws1_beww1_en_0328>
First published online: 2015



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