Kitchener, Horatio Herbert
(622 words)

Kitchener, Horatio Herbert

(June 24, 1850, Crotter House near Listowel [County Kerry, Ireland] – June 5, 1916, off the Orkney Islands; from 1914 the First Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and of Broome), British field marshal (minister of war). Kitchener’s early military career took him predominantly to the Middle East, where in 1892 he became Sirdar (commander in chief ) of the Egyptian Army. In this function he conquered the Sudan, and in 1898 led the successful military expedition to Khartoum (Battle of Omdurman). This brought Kitchener the status of …

Cite this page
Simkins, Peter, “Kitchener, Horatio Herbert”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 29 April 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-3786_dlws1_beww1_en_0335>
First published online: 2015



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