Red Cross
(1,371 words)

Red Cross

The red cross on a white ground signifies neutrality in war, and thus protection. The Ottoman Empire introduced the alternative symbol of the red crescent on a white ground during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877/1878, and also used it during the First World War. The red crescent continues to be used by Muslim states in place of the red cross, in order to avoid using the Christian symbol.

The associations that had assumed the voluntary, and most importantly unpaid, task of caring for the wounded in war, as well as preparing for that activity in peacetime, w…

Cite this page
Mönch, Winfried, “Red Cross”, in: Brill’s Digital Library of World War I. Consulted online on 26 May 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-3786_dlws1_beww1_en_0493>
First published online: 2015



▲   Back to top   ▲