8. Sciences of the Qurʾān
(921 words)

In volume 1 | book 2, Islamic Literature in the Arabic Language | Section 1, The Classical Period from ca. 750 until ca. 1000

previous chapter | German edition

1 The Reading of the Qurʾān

With its imperfect script, the text of the Qurʾān as determined by ʿUthmān still gave rise to countless variant readings. |¹⁸⁹ This is why, in different capitals of the Muslim empire, especially in Mecca, Medina, Basra and Kufa, different schools arose, which transmitted styles of performance as regards r…

Cite this page
Carl Brockelmann, “8. Sciences of the Qurʾān”, in: Brockelmann in English: The History of the Arabic Written Tradition Online. Consulted online on 21 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2542-8098_breo_COM_121080>
First published online: 2017

▲   Back to top   ▲