Chapter 2 – Provincial Disparities in Changes in Fertility and Related Implications
(4,520 words)

China has witnessed rapid changes in fertility since the 1970s. The national total fertility rate (tfr) declined from around 6 in the early 1970s to below-replacement levels by the mid-1990s. Two factors—strict birth control policies and rapid socioeconomic development—have been suggested as the predominant forces driving fert…

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Niu, Jianlin, “Chapter 2 – Provincial Disparities in Changes in Fertility and Related Implications”, in: Chinese Research Perspectives Online, Edited by: International Advisory Board Chinese Research Perspectives Online. Consulted online on 17 October 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2213-6002_crpn_CAI_9789004273177_0002>
First published online: 2014



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