Baal-Zaphon בעל צפון
(1,246 words)

I. Name

Baal-zaphon literally means the ‘lord of (mount) Zaphon’ and it is a designation of the Ugaritic god Baal. Due to mount Zaphon’s image as the cosmic mountain par excellence in Northwest-Semitic religions, the name ‘Baal-zaphon’ was transferred to further Baal-sanctuaries outside Ugarit. In the OT Baal-zaphon is a place name in northern Egypt where Israel rested during the exodus (Exod. 14.2, Exod. 9; Num. 33.7).

II. Identity

In Ugarit the divine name Baal-zaphon only occurs in ritual texts (KTU…

Cite this page
H. Niehr, “Baal-Zaphon בעל צפון”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 January 2019 <>

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