Bashtu בשׁת
(558 words)

I. Name

Akk. baštu (in later texts baltu, Sum. téš) “dignity, pride, decorum” is sometimes characterized as a protective spirit in Mesopotamia. Heb. bōšet occurs in personal names in the OT (2 Sam. 2.8 and 2 Sam. 4.4) as a substitute for the theophoric element. The Akkadian noun derived from the verb baʾāšu “to come to shame”, which is of common Semitic origin (e.g. Ug. bṯ, Aram. behet, Heb. bōš). Von Soden (1964) tried to show that baštu had an original meaning “sexual power” and that it …

Cite this page
H. D. Galter, “Bashtu בשׁת”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 January 2019 <>

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