Dead מתים
(5,857 words)

I. Name

The Hebrew Bible uses the word mēt/mētîm to refer to the dead as well as the related term rĕpāʾîmRephaim’. Several words (nepeš mēt, nepeš ʾādām, peger, gĕwiyyâ, nĕbēlâ, mappēlâ, gûpâ) are used to refer to the corpses of humans and/or animals. On occasions, the word ʾĕlōhîm, literally ‘gods’, is used to denote the preternatural character of the dead (cf. 1 Sam. 28.13; Lewis 1989:115–116). Shades of the dead are referred to by such terms as ʾôb/ʾōbôt (Spirit of the d…

Cite this page
T. J. Lewis, “Dead מתים”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 23 January 2019 <>

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