Elyon עליון
(4,032 words)

I. Name

Derived from the Hebrew verb ʿālâ, meaning ‘to ascend’, ʿelyôn in the OT may be used either as an adjective, describing something that is spatially higher than something else (‘upper’, ‘highest’), or as a substantive, used primarily in reference to the ‘most high’ deity. In Ps. 89.27, however, it is used in reference to the king. As a divine name, ʿElyôn appears either on its own (e.g. Ps. 9.3; Isa. 14.14), in combination with other divine names (Yahweh, Elohim [God], El e.g., Pss. 7.17; Pss.…

Cite this page
E. E. Elnes and P. D. Miller, “Elyon עליון”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 16 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Elyon>

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