Father of the Lights πατὴρ τῶν φώτων
(487 words)

I. Name

James. 1.17 is the only biblical text where God is called the “Father of the Lights” (πατὴρ τῶν φώτων). Most scholars agree that the expression means “the creator of the celestial bodies”, i.e. of the heavenly beings. In early Judaism there was a widespread belief that stars were angels (Schrenk 1954:1015 n. 410; Dibelius-Greeven 1964:130–131). That God created the heavenly bodies is a commonly accepted belief in the OT and in ancient Judaism (e.g. Gen. 1.14–18; Ps. 136.7; Sir. 43.1–12; see τὰ φῶτα αὐτοῦ in LXX Jer. 4.23; Philo, D…

Cite this page
P. W. van der Horst, “Father of the Lights πατὴρ τῶν φώτων”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Fatherofthelights>

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