Fire אשׁ
(493 words)

I. Name

The Hebrew word for ‘fire’, ʾēš, is common Semitic (with the exception of Arabic) but there is not a strong tradition of deified fire in the ancient Near East. Any echoes of this tradition in the Bible, therefore, are harder than usual to detect. In spite of an apparent similarity with the Semitic word for ‘fire’ and even some association with fire (Roberts 1972), the Babylonian god Išum was not a god of fire. However, dI-ʾša-tú does occur as a divine name in Ebla (Pettinato, OrAnt. 18 [1979] 105…

Cite this page
W. G. E. Watson, “Fire אשׁ”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 23 January 2019 <>

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